Nobody downloaded yet

Comparing Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland and Their Competing Ideologies - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The paper examines two key thinkers in criminology, in this case, Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland, together with their competing ideologies. The underpinning and competing for notion in both thinkers centers on the assumption “criminals are born and not made,” or vice Versa…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.2% of users find it useful
Comparing Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland and Their Competing Ideologies
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Comparing Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland and Their Competing Ideologies"

Download file to see previous pages Lombroso was a prominent Italian criminologist towards the end of the 19th Century in the arena of pathologically determined deviance. Lombroso’s emphasis on the scientific method and his revolutionary approach earned him the title “father” of scientific criminology. Lombroso's prominent works include The Criminal Man (1876) and Crime, Its Causes and Remedies (1899). Lombroso idea’s contradicted the prevailing notion that crime was part of society, and thus should be accepted as an intrinsic factor of social conditions (Carrabine 2009, p.58). Lombroso rejected classical School assertions that crime was a typical trait of human nature and that rational choices formed the bedrock of behavior.
Lombroso attempted to discern a probable relationship between criminal psychopathology and physical or constitutional defects. The principal contention revolved around the presence of a hereditary or atavistic division of criminals comprising of biological throwbacks to the primitive stages of human evolution (Lily, Cullen and Ball 2011, p.15). Lombroso rejected the notion of free will and equality in which individuals were purported to exercise rational choices to engage in crime as advocated by classists. Lombroso advocated the assumption of determinism.

Lombroso applied scientific approaches and concepts derived from physiognomy, social Darwinism, early eugenics, and psychiatry. The approaches stipulated that criminality was inherited and “born criminal” could be apparent by physical defects, which validated criminals as “savage.” Although, the stipulated physical characteristics identifying criminals is no longer considered valid; nevertheless, the notion that definite factors incline certain individuals to commit crime continues to be the underpinning of criminology (Hayward, Maruna and Mooney 2010, p.25). Lombroso groundbreaking work, The Criminal Man (1876), alleged that criminals possessed a distinct physical characteristic that set them apart from noncriminals. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(Comparing Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland and Their Competing Term Paper, n.d.)
Comparing Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland and Their Competing Term Paper. Retrieved from
(Comparing Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland and Their Competing Term Paper)
Comparing Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland and Their Competing Term Paper.
“Comparing Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland and Their Competing Term Paper”.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Comparing Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland and Their Competing Ideologies

Political ideologies

...? Political Ideologies 01-06-12 Political ideology According to Terry Eagleton in his book, ‘Ideology: an introduction’, there is no definite meaningof Ideology at present. Its meaning and dentition has been affected by various events in history. Some of the definitions of Political ideology which prevail in today’s society are as follows: Ideas which attribute a meticulous class or social group Progression of creation of signs, value and meaning in one’s social life Body of ideas which assist to legitimate a leading political power False ideas which assist to legitimate a leading power Forms of thinking which are provoked by social interests...
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper

Political Ideologies the number of women in certain professions as being lesser compared to the males. For instance, women normally choose to take art-based courses like education, sociology, psychology, and performing arts in the universities while leaving science based courses to the domain of men. Therefore, men still dominate fields like medicine and engineering even though equal opportunities and affirmative actions were taken in to consideration8. On the other hand, many critics to the ideology see it as having created a flat form for discrimination against men as women become over assertive in the quest to correct the historical injustice of male domination. In conclusion, the Canadian society has seen the rise of...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Political ideologies

.... These ideologies have built many governments and some have led to fall or rise of nations. I believe that the greatest type of civilization is one governed by a supreme leader who looks after the welfare of all the people. This type of leadership is very efficient, and this can be proved by the many times it has worked in the past. Reference Eccleshall, Robert. (2000). Political ideologies: an introduction. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis group. King, Preston. (2004).The ideology of order: a comparative analysis of Jean Bodin and Thomas Hobbes. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis group.    ... ? Political Ideologies Introduction An Ideology is beliefs that an individual has and believes that the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Sutherland Report that there is still much to be done to be able to make possible the vision for long term care that the Sutherland Report sets. Most efforts today have been concentrated on increasing competency and not necessarily the ideological premise of the report. Though these efforts are essential for creating the infrastructure for the industry, the Sutherland Report can only fully realize its objectives when Old Age Long Term Programs becomes fully available and accessible to the elderly who need them most. References Beattie, Jason and Scott, David (2002). Tories split over policy on free care. Scotsman News. Retrieved on January 18, 2007 from...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay


...Sociology of Crime: Lombroso I agree with Lombroso’s first two types of criminology, which that there are the criminals that are born into alife of crime due to inherent traits and pathological factors and the criminals that can be considered criminally insane, which is to say that they have disorders that cause them to commit crimes. I do not agree with the criminal type known as ciminaloids. This criminal type states that people who have no special or mental characteristics will engage in crimes under “certain circumstances” due to their mental and emotional makeup. I disagree with this criminal type because I believe that, regardless of mental and emotional makeup, more often than not people find some...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Political Ideologies

...30 September Political ideologies are an indispensable part of our modern world: Themeaning and implications of the term political ideology have been different in every epoch. As one of the most elusive and controversial concepts of all times, political ideology has maintained its dynamic nature from prehistoric to present times. The extract of this concept is to assessing and acknowledge the real content of political thought. The journey of ideology from a being a simple word to becoming a key political term started from the works of Karl Max and yet, the meaning granted to this concept by Marx stands in contrast with the one studied in mainstream political analysis as...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cesare Beccaria and Cesare Lombroso, and Their Competing Ideologies

...Topic: Cesare Beccaria and Cesare Lombroso, and their competing ideologies Introduction From the beginning, criminology has been entrenched in politics and regardless of the regular claims to scientific objectivity, criminology inquiry has been demarcated and sustained by concerns of a political nature. Similarities between political orientations and elucidations of crime have often been prominent and debates concerning theoretical differences have usually been included as references to these similarities. Undeniably, recognizing the ideological assumptions and the implications associated with theories has been a typical attribute in the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Coursework

The Criminal Man by Cesare Lombroso

...Lombroso Cesare: The Criminal Man al Affiliation) history Cesare Lombroso was born on 6th November 1835 to a wealthy Jewish family. He pursued his degree as a physician in 1958 in Vienna. Later, he drew to French and Italy positivism, German materialism and various European evolutionist theories. He was the founder of School of Positivist Criminology in Italy. Furthermore, he was known best in criminal anthropology field and criminal-type theories. In addition, he was also a person whose psychological characteristics and physical structure had degenerative and atavistic traits. These features made him different from the socially civilized, well-adjusted human (Becker &...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Cesare Lombroso and Criminal Behaviour

...Cesare Lombroso and Criminal Behaviour Introduction Lombroso’s positivist criminology established a theory of multiple- factor approach towards thecauses of crime. The positivist school of criminology assumed that offenders had features that were not to be found among the non-offenders. The presumption was that offenders had specific features that could be studied, classified and integrated into a holistic theory regarding criminal conduct. Upon segregating the chief causal sources, criminal conduct could be prevented. This was based upon the belief that such sources could be neutralised (Edney, 2006, p. 251). In the beginning, positivist criminology had many features, such as economisim, biologism, and mental hereditarianism... . At...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Edwin Hubble - Discovering Galaxies

...Edwin Hubble: Understanding the Galaxies Introduction - Brief Biography Edwin Hubble was born on November 20, 1889 in Missouri, though a lot of his childhood was spent in Illinois. Although he was a good student, Hubble was known more for his athletic abilities than his intelligence. He got good grades while he was in school, though he focused more on his athletic skills, such as track and field and amateur boxing. However, while he attended college at the University of Chicago, he focused on mathematics and astronomy, eventually getting a bachelor of science. He later changed his major to Spanish; he used both his Spanish and science majors to teach at a high school in Indiana. It was in 1917 when Hubble had received his Ph.D... to help...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Comparing Cesare Lombroso and Edwin Sutherland and Their Competing Ideologies for FREE!

Contact Us