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Industrial Relations - Term Paper Example

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This paper discusses the importance of industrial relations practices, their significance in the organizations and the impact they have on the employment of labor. Various aspects such as economic, social and industrial factors which directly affect the industrial relations…
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Industrial Relations
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Download file to see previous pages The history of industrial relations dates back to the era in which the revolution of industrial issues took place. It gave a completely new look to the employee relations with the generation of free industrial workplaces and large scale organizations which employed millions of workers. With this innovation, the society faced a lot of changes both economic and social and employee problems arose simultaneously. These included employee dissatisfaction due to the repetitive nature of job and work routine, elaborate and unsuitable working hours and insulting supervisors who did not give the required respect to the employees which ultimately resulted in annoyed employees and the turnover rate increased consequently, the employees were not assured of their positions in the organization and due to this they felt threatened and were unable to give their best to their assigned jobs. Considering the worst job scenario, the intellectuals were forced to analyze the entire situation and propose a solution; thus the concept of industrial relations formation was introduced in the 19th century.
The idea of industrial relations was coined by John. R. Commons when he conducted the first academic program of industrial relations which was held at the University of Wisconsin in the year 1920. The program was also financially supported by John. D. Rockefeller who greatly sustained the practices related to the management of the employees that were affected due to the strike that was called at the coal mine which belonged to Rockefeller. Support also came in other forms Montague Burton provided chairs in the industrial relations program which was held in Leeds, Cambridge and Cardiff in the year 1930 and the whole system was officially recognized with the creation of the Oxford School whose foundations were laid by Allan Flanders and another industrialist.
If the current situation of industrial relations and employment of labor is considered, it can be easily said that it is in crisis. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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