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Randomization works by ensuring that all patients’ chances of getting the treatment under study is the same and by generating comparable groups of intervention that are similar in all aspects of importance other than the intervention received by each group. The most rigorous means of finding out the existence of a cause and effect relation between a dependent and an independent variable or for determining the cost effectiveness of a treatment for a certain outcome is randomized controlled trials. An experiment is a kind of investigation which involves scientific testing of a hypothesis. Experiment includes manipulation of an independent variable and measurement of a dependent variable. In simple experiments, researchers tend to find out whether administering a medicine causes the symptoms to improve or not. Therefore, such studies encompass random assignment of the research participants to either of the two groups. One of these groups receives no treatment and is called as the control group whereas the other group which receives the treatment is termed as the experimental group. It is the presence of both control group and experimental group which makes experiments the best method of determining cause and effect relationship between two variables. Experiments not only show what happens when a certain treatment is given, but also depict what happens when the same treatment is not given. Furthermore, experiments employ the use of inferential statistics to determine the meaningfulness or reliability of the results since the outcomes might be affected by a range of factors particular to the individual research participants. Most experiments include a mechanism of controlling the extraneous variables from affecting the outcome of the treatment. Inferential statistics includes drawing inferences about a population on the basis of measures taken from a sample which represents that population. Experimenters
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In terms of theoretical framework the background and emergence of fandom is considered. The literature review considers pervading theories into the nature of fandom. The case study design indicates that specifically over a two week period stories from the TMZ gossip website will be analyzed.
According to the paper the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) has placed forth an analysis through which one may be diagnosed with this disease. Four characteristics have been identified that would be used to detail whether the individual is suffering from anorexia nervosa. Different explanations always offer different views which result from different schools of thoughts and theoretical backgrounds.
He further states that the goal of social research is to “explore, describe and explain”. Firebaugh (2008) concurs that survey research is one of the most important areas of measurement applied in social research. The broad area of survey research encompasses any measurement procedures that involve asking questions of respondents.
ed theoretical matrix or through a lapse in the implementation of the theory, there have been omissions now and then, a falling short of expectations.
Social casework is primarily the restorative application of theories to specific cases of individual or collective social
le method for identifying, evaluating, and synthesizing the existing body of completed and recorded work produced by researcher’s scholars, and practitioners (Fink, 2009 p. 3). It is aimed at developing a holistic, correct representation of knowledge and research-based theory
Asylum seekers are people who have applied to get recognition in the foreign country as refugees but their applications have not yet been decided on. It is always assumed that countries that have the poorest records of human rights record the
On the positive side, Mitchell and Jolley (2012) note that questionnaires make it possible for the researcher to use many respondents. A large number of questionnaires are easy to issue to a large number of respondents. This broadens the scope and
In the same way that pathways to crime differ by gender is the same way how resistance to crime differs, but with employment being the key mechanism in both genders. From the research conducted on reformed ex- prisoners pertaining to
This is quite some mind boggling and astonishing figure, to say the least. In Africa, the country with the greatest production of coffee is Ethiopia. Coffee accounts for close to 70% of Ethiopia’s export revenue, and is additionally the source of livelihood
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