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When there are too many in people in prison, this leads to too much use of public funds and reduced productivity in the society. The best way to avoid his is by identifying the offenders who have reformed enough to be released before their time is fully served. This way, the prisons are decongested and this makes them better paces to reform the remaining offenders.
When a prison is congested, even the chance that the offenders in that prison reforming goes down and it is necessary to make sure that the numbers are kept down. United States American has the highest number of incarcerations per a thousand people (Glaser, 2012). The number of correctional facilities is outnumbered by the number of offenders. Over congested prisons and jails offer little chance of correcting and reforming prisoners due to the social pressure that can be found in such prisons. In such a case, the use of probation and parole offers a good way to not only relieve the prisons from too much population but also to help in faster reformation of the offenders. In most of the cases, offenders who are released on parole or who are in probation are less likely to relapse to crime (Gottfredson, Mitchel-Herzfeld, & Flanagan, 1982). On the other hand, when the prisoner serves his entire term in prison and is released upon the end of their term, they are likely to go back to crime because they are free and not under any kind of surveillance. On the other hand, when they get probation or parole, they have to be under surveillance where they are monitored by a probation officer who makes sure that they are conforming to the terms and rules of the parole or probation. Because of the time they have to be on probation or parole, they get used to living within some rules this acts as a firm of training or rehabilitation for them to be able to understand that they have to live with the rules of the society. As a result, by the time they have served their probation,
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On the contrary, justice actually did not prevail in the US society till the first half of twentieth century even. Consequently, “justice” was used to be observed keeping in view the race, ethnicity, religion, origin and sexual orientation of both the complainant and the accused.
The criminal justice system achieves positive reinforcement by rewarding behavior. Indeed, positive reinforcement is seemingly a reward and demonstrates how the civil society engages in various initiatives to secure the realization of international criminal justice.
However, the humanitarian approach to crime control suggests that the right way to bring about reform in society with respect to crime is to give people the chance to correct their behavior and to bring about a change in themselves, so that they may become better and more responsible citizens of the future.
There are several programs available as an alternative to incarceration, the earliest being probation. Probation is still widely used for first time offenders. This program allows the offender a sort f second chance in the community. Offenders on probation must report to their probation officer anywhere from once a month to three or four times a week depending on their case need.
There is a critical need for alternatives regarding mental illness and the need to shift the responsibility of untreated mental illness out of the criminal justice system, states Faust (p.6).
Various aspects of the impact of incarcerating mentally ill offenders on the
The termed “organized deviance” describes a situation whereby a group of people decide to choose the path of anti-social behavior with the intention of breaking laws and order by committing crime and doing
The core motivating principle of the juvenile system is rehabilitation. This is because juveniles are not fully mentally or physically developed; they cannot be accountable for their actions in the same way as adults. Additionally, many juvenile offenders
One of these is the social learning theory. Rehabilitation is one way of dealing with criminal behavior, as this allows the criminals to be reintegrated back into the society as law-abiding, productive and decent members of the