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Above 50 years later, much of racial segregation has been eliminated through legal measures although there are views that racism remains in the heart of many whites (Allen & Allen, 1975; Omi & Winant, 2014).
Since the two incidences, there has been marked improvement in change of laws to abolish racial segregation and uphold diversity of all people. The 1963 ‘I have a dream’ by Dr. King was of great hope to African Americans and was followed by approval of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the following year, that mandated businesses to sell goods and services without discrimination. Moreover, the act mandated employers to hire and promote employees without racial prejudice, dismissed literacy tests to further voting rights, and most importantly allowed African Americans to share public accommodations. Several acts of parliament followed to give Americans equal civil rights enjoyed up to today (Allen & Allen, 1975; Feagin, 2014).
Today all Americans have equal voting rights, equal access to education opportunities, and equal access to public accommodation facilities. Many blacks have climbed the political leadership and positions of authority in America notably governor of lily-white Massachusetts and the current president Obama. Today 15% of marriages are interracial. Courts punish those found with discriminating and those with racism opinions (Opotow, 2011).
However, not all is well as intended. Black Americans are still more likely to lack jobs and residential segregation persists although it is reducing. Houses that are not vacant for African Americans are available for the whites. African Americans are more likely to be poor, be arrested and imprisoned or shot dead by police even when there is a black president in office (López, 2010).
The wealth gap between blacks and whites is widening after years of declining. Recently, the court
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This can primarily be attributed to education. As people have started to seek education, they have started to realize their individualistic and collective rights. This has consequentially increased their sensitivity towards behaviors that are racists, thus making racism a potential issue of the contemporary society.
The indigenous people think that as the foreigners grow in number in their homeland, they would soon be sufficient to become powerful and independent. If that happens, the foreigners may confiscate the jobs, opportunities and resources that have long remained the property of the indigenous people.
In the open forum afterwards, one student expressed his frustration that he no longer feels the spark that invigorates his spirit and that he feels he no longer feels a sense of belongingness in his own country. It appeared that the student resented the steady influx of migrant workers, which his country actively encourages.
The book is a personal experience of the author in North Africa at a time when Algeria was fighting the disintegrating French Empire. The book is a psychological study rather than an economical study of the effects of colonialism. Nonetheless, Memmi acknowledges fundamental importance of colonialism in economic aspect, but does not explore further the issue.
The link between crime and race is based on racist ideologies and processes of criminalization and racialization, which have become the basis of discrimination with regard to race in societies that are democratically liberal. The aforementioned processes do form a base for analyzing racial profiling which police use.
One such racist, if I may call him, is Karl Pearson. Writing during the period of imperialism in Europe, Pearson’s work tried to set the mood for imperialism by giving justifications on grounds of race. Using Darwin’s theory of evolution as the premise of his argument, Pearson’s racist ideas was a short in the arm to the already existing notion of Europeans superiority over the other races.
The following is a discussion of these injustices.
Child labor refers to the act of engaging underage individuals in economic activities whereby children are forced to undertake activities with little or no pay. This is an injustice given that
Further, it includes the relationships of people with their social group, families and societies and the status that they have achieved from their society. (Katz). Racial identity is usually carried through genes and is inherited from the ancestors. So, it
Mostly, the term civil rights is associated with the struggle for equality of African Americans and their major concern was to secure the status of equal citizenship in a liberal democratic state. Studies
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