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It was found that various sexual behaviors together have the second highest risk rate which equals to 161 instances per 10,000 (“HIV Transmission Risk”). Blood transfusion is surely the highest (9,250 per 10,000) while the third highest risk factor has a rating that is more than two time lower than sexual intercourse: injection drug use is reported to have 63 instances per 10,000 (“HIV Transmission Risk”). Keeping in mind that there are more people who have sexual intercourse a day than those who have blood transfusion, one would make no mistake suggesting that sexual mode of transmission prevails. All this results in the fact that the issue of HIV and AIDS is strongly associated with sex; however, the public should make an important reservation: it is unprotected sex that is the riskiest activity when it comes to dealing with the virus in question. In other words, a person may be perfectly save if one uses a condom, does not have blood transfusion and does not inject drugs.
It is suggested that the target population that is at the highest risk is men who have sex with men and female sex workers (“HIV & AIDS in Thailand”). Thus, the former group as at the highest risk since anal sex is practiced by than which has the highest risk of transmitting HIV which is 141 instances per 10,000 exposures (“HIV Transmission Risk”). As for female sex workers, they are often engaged in sexual intercourse without a condom which leads to high risk of exposure. The above mentioned risk behaviors present challenges for HIV prevention because of the following reasons. First of all, men who have sex with men prefer anal sex over oral sex which makes their sexual intercourse the riskiest and they are not willing to use condoms because of the negative influence that is has on sensual aspect of it. As for female sex workers, thier client may be willing to avoid using condom for the same reason. It is quite
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J.C.D Augustyn TABLE OF CONTENTS TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 SECTION A: BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY – WORKERS vs. EMPLOYEES 3 Rationale of the study 6 Objectives of the study 6 Research question 7 INITIAL LITERATURE REVIEW 8 AIDS transmission and its symptoms 8 HIV/AIDS in the workplace 8 Effective workplace 10 Need for involvement of all stakeholders and Service Providers 11 Regulatory policies 11 Legal concerns 12 Testing and counselling 13 AIDS Education 14 Research methods 17 Research design 17 Data collection 17 Qualitative data 17 Quantitative data 18 Sampling technique and sample size selection 19 Validity and reliability 19 Data processing, analysis and presentation 19 Limitations of the study
Poverty could account for many infections, which are felt in Africa today. It has been quite challenging when dealing with the infectious disease since the medical services in Africa are declining, poverty is mounting, and a vast sphere of gender inequality has consumed the continent.
The exclusion criteria involved the removal of the duplicates, articles not relevant to the topic, those that lack conclusive data as well as other reasons. The main factors that will form the scope of the study include HIV/AIDS prevalence in Zambia, policy overview, interventions, recommendations and challenges.
Not surprisingly, the HIV/AIDS epidemic has been cited as being a "developmental crises," expected to negatively impact all major demographic, economic, and social indicators. South Africa has experienced one of the worst HIV/AIDS epidemics in the world, with quickly escalating infection and prevalence rates.
This paper evaluated the Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) prevention program among sex workers in the San Francisco Bay Area. It is unclear what mechanisms in these programs enable people to change their behavior since not enough evaluations of AIDS intervention programs exist.
The WHO has estimated about 420,000 new MCT infections in children in the year 2007 (WHO, 2008). This mode of transmission of HIV infection is almost preventable (WHO, 2008).
This is the best method of prevention of infection in the child and is 100% effective.
JHMC’s mission statement is to provide its patients and the community with the best services, next to none (Henry, 2009). It offers a range of clinical facilities, which include the Advanced Center for
The paper "Prevention of mother to child HIV transmission" reflects critically upon how quantitative research provides a valuable contribution to the development of evidence-based health and social care. Quantitative research is the methodical scientific assessment of observable phenomena through computational, mathematical, or statistical methods.
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