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The perspective of Immanuel Kant seems quite different. It is focused on duty and an appreciable extent of obligation (Dark, 2010). He appears to believe that every human being is faced with a responsibility to the right thing in situations where he or she needs to make an ethical decision. This is based on the premise of moral law, which means that Kant adopts a legalistic point of view in theorizing morality. In this regard, Kant draws heavily on the power of reason, as opposed to that of character. Mill adopts a slightly similar perspective.
He believes that morality boils down to what is good for all – an approach to classical utilitarianism. The perspective is focused on propagating the idea that what is moral and ethical is what benefits the most people in society. Having understood the different perspective as presented by the three philosophers, it is important to discuss them in the context of the extent to which they resonate with me. First, I would mention that, as a person, I believe that the ultimate power that can help in the accomplishment the wellbeing of the entire society is character. An important understanding that I have come to deduce from the things I have learned through the diverse experiences I have had is that, while it is important to facilitate the overall success and wellbeing of the community, this goal is not possible to accomplish unless the right values are propagated. People, as individuals within the society, have to share common beliefs, attitudes, and values in an effort for them to behave in the same way for the benefit of all (Kurzynski, 2012). With this in mind, I believe that we make ethical decisions based on what they believe is right, which results in the overall wellbeing of the rest of the society.
As such, I believe that the perspectives of Kant and Mill are fundamentally informed by the premise of virtue, which amounts to character. In addition, it is possible, though not very
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Where Kant perceives morality as existing before experience, Mill denies morality is in any way universal. Mill argues that any number of systems of morality could be viable before proposing one that he thinks would be most beneficial to society. In this paper, I will introduce the logic behind Kant’s universal morality.
What is needed is a foundation for morality that is rational and eternal. Philosophers have developed a number of ethical traditions. What these ethical traditions have in common is that each has a basic principle which is used to develop moral rules and which serves as the basis for moral judgments
During the painful and slow evolution of man's behaviour in the society, somehow, somewhere the need for an ethical code was felt and morality took root. The question still remains as to how we lost the pre-ethical condition and is it possible to go back to it.
The issue that we had considered for evaluation was related to prostitution, which is a taboo in every civilized society and it is thought to be a very immoral thing to do but since this topic was of immense interest to the whole group because it was nothing short of a challenge to tackle this topic.
It may be useful to set out initially the traditional interpretations of each philosophy and to work from there in exploring how the two can be seen to compliment, and to conflict with, each other. The basis of JS Mill’s utilitarianism rests on a number of principles, centered the ultimate aim of happiness.
Durkheim lived in the era where the French and American society had different philosophies and theories on education (Abbott 235). The French society intended to shape the students in order to meet society's needs while the American society used the laissez-faire approach to education.
However, I do know that I will do my best to achieve what realistic goals I can set for myself or those that have been set by professionals in my field of study as moral guidelines.
In fact, I feel that those
Every individual tends to focus on the pleasure principle to maximize pleasure and minimize pain. In order to release tension it fantasizes and applies pleasurable sensations or feelings to any bodily functions. Freud has devised five different stages of childhood psychosexual development, the oral stage, the anal stage, the phallic stage, etc.
The two ideologies prescribe changes which would make society an ideal place to live in both politically and socio-economically. These prescriptive changes by both ideologies will be discussed below in elaborate details. The paper will also
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