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Similarly, women’s risk of repeated victimization within an intimate relationship is also higher (Heimer & Kruttschnitt, 2006). The present task for those concerned about women’s victimization is bringing together these sets of information into a complete knowledge of violence against women.
Nowadays, women live in a world defined by prejudice and chauvinism that, in numerous instances, is shown through domestic abuse, interpersonal violence, and intimate partner violence. Dr. Stephanie S. Covington, in her research on traumatized women, reports some worrying statistics on women’s victimization. Primarily, Covington states that based on the American Psychological Association (APA), the greatest predictor or cause of intimate partner victimization is being a woman (Hunnicutt, 2009). Covington reveals that roughly 1.5 million women are physically abused or sexually violated by an intimate partner every year in the U.S. Yet, this number remains conservative or inaccurate because numerous women are repeatedly victimized. Hence, the Bureau of Justice predicts roughly 4.8 million cases of physical violence and intimate partner abuse against women every year (McGill, 2006, 2-3). These figures alone confirm the belief that women of today live in a world ruled by sexism that is usually shown through domestic abuse or intimate partner violence.
Even though intimate partner violence, sexual violence, and domestic abuse are rooted in the history of culture, religion, and human development, concern for these problems has just recently been raised through the initiatives of the Women’s Liberation Movement (Rodriguez-Menes & Safranoff, 2012). Against widespread belief, domestic abuse against women cannot be attributed to a specific economic standing, racial affiliation, or social class. Empirical findings reveal that such violence against women is found all over the world and affects relationships in all social classes. When taking into consideration the cause
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The Industrial Revolution, which occurred between 1820 and 1850 had a strong effect on nations and economies around the world (Hillstrom & Hillstrom, 2007 p190). It transformed economies that were predominantly based on basic systems and structures into productive ones that relied on capital intensive systems and advanced machinery for production and distribution (Ulrich, 1998).
However, in the past few decades, it has been observed that the study of health and illness goes beyond from simple explanation of their biological or medical (internal) causes, i.e. infection, bleeding or other body malfunction or damage. The dramatic change in this field had took place when sociologist researchers began to interlinked and considered the social (external) factors that influenced the inequalities in health and illness.
The schema should have a product dimension, location, time and organizational dimension. To be able to design a good schema one must be able to have clear goals with which schemas should be combined and define the data source to be used. Facts table and dimension table are important in design schemas and analyzing data.
In order to meet these challenges new health sector programmes and reforms, as well as changes in the legislation, are carried out. One of the examples of recent innovations in health care systems is a substitution nurse practitioners (NPs) for general practitioners (GPs) (Dierick-van Daele, Spreeuwenberg, Derckx, Metsemakers & Vrijhoef, 2008).
Such references as devil incarnate, creatures without logical reason and objects of desire were common considerations leveled against women. All these reflected the ideology of male’s dominance over women. Commonly, the foundation for unequal rights was the stringent religious rules typical for most religions.
Therefore, when it comes to the administration of justice, it involves human beings and to every human being justice correctly administered or denied has a meaningful impact in their lives as well as in the lives of everyone directly or indirectly associated with them.
nsion of a single tri-nucleotide gene sequence (CGG) on the X chromosome and results in a failure to express a certain protein (FMR1) which controls the length of the repeated CGG sequence. This failure causes damage to the neural development of the body, including the brain,
Footwear is the garments worn the feet for the protection of the feet or fashion.
Throughout the middle Ages period, men and women wore patterns, commonly seen as the predecessor of the modern high-heeled shoe.