It is composed of federal courts and state courts. The Supreme Court is the most powerful court in the land. Trial courts and appellate courts makeup the Supreme Court. The chief justice heads it with eight associate…
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Edith Windsor and Thea Spyer who were women had married legally. They took their vows while in Canada in 2007 and later came back to New York. Unfortunately, Spyer passed on in 2009.Windsor inherited their property. The law required that in such events, the bereaved partner could enjoy tax exemption on the inherited property. However, the federal government denied her this privilege because it did not recognize same-sex marriage. The decision contradicted with the laws of the state government. The plaintiff obliged and paid the required taxes but filed a lawsuit disputing the legality and validity of the case. Windsor won the case, and the federal government was ordered to pay back her money. The court reviewed the decisions of other lower courts and declared that its ruling was final (Supreme Court, 2013).
It was held that the court had the power to analyze the facts of the case carefully. The case had created a lot of division among the interested parties and had to be referred to a higher court for interpretation. The federal remained adamant to pay the money has it had been ordered yet it did not defend its action any issue which brought more confusion in the case (Supreme Court, 2013).
The court held that the federal Defense of Marriage Act violated which the federal government was using in its defense was essentially an invalid law. This is because it was unfair and contradicted with the laws of the state of New York. The constitution itself defended the rights of the minority groups, and the federal government undermined this basic principal. Since the federal government was charged with the responsibility of defending the constitution, it had to honor it. The same government violated the rights of a citizen by denying compensating Windsor. Whereas the state government supported same-sex marriage, the Defense of Marriage Act contravened state government laws. The main intention of the act was to disgrace
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ation of all the laws of the concerned state including permanent as well as general laws (Minnesota State Legislature, “What is the structure and function of the Minnesota Legislature?”).
The past history of laws and statutes in the United States of America suggest that the
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The federal courts hear cases that the U.S. Constitution places under its jurisdiction. On the other hand, the state courts determine the cases that touch on the individual state constitution or the cases that the U.S. Constitution does not give
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