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Greater emphasis is on how sociologists who by the virtual of being members of society, examines data from a certain vantage point in their sociological analysis (Spencer, 1994). For example, sociologists analyzing the world wars I and II on the grounds of their native countries would face multiple objective and subjective difficulties.
Spencer based his analysis on problems associated with data uncertainty. The problem arises on the difficulty in measurement of subjective states of the actors and in correspondence to the investigators suspending own subjective position while examining that of others. Additionally, spencer raised concern on sociologists allowing public passions, fads, and moods to determine the area of investigation in the society. In addition, another objective concern raised by spencer is the sociologists’ cherished hypothesis. In this case, the sociologist may opt to pursue the cherished hypothesis neglecting the most significant problems in the society (Spencer, 1994).
The other concern raised by Spencer is the problem of personal interests and organizational interests that influence whatever that is significantly important. In most cases, the major governmental bureaucracies and those involved tend to find and construe data in a manner that support the sociologist’s interest. Thus, in the sociologist analysis of the world wars some tend to base themselves on what is significantly relevant to their personal interests (Duncan, 2013).
The issue of sociologists allowing the visible phenomena to occupy most of their attention creates another point of concern by Spencer. He argued that, by the visible phenomena occupying the attention, there is creation of bias in data collection leading to paying more concern to the less important phenomena. The other objective problem raised by spencer stems on that the observer inhabits a place in the society thereby will tend to perceive the world in the view of the
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