In the paper “Institutions and Max Weber’s Bureaucracy,” the author associates government institutions and the public sector with increased levels of bureaucracy and a formalized way of doing things in that particular institution…
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Max Weber, the father of bureaucracy had the social institutions in mind. Bureaucracy, described as the hierarchy and channels of appeal describe a clearly established system of subordination, which allows higher offices to supervise the lower offices, describe the formal way of doing things. According to Weber’s arguments, increased space and the growth of the administered population, the higher the chances of bureaucracy taking shape. With the increased complexity of the societies, argued Weber, coupled with the administrative activities undertaken often required a formalized way of doing things.
In order to take a stance on whether there was anything institutional in Max Weber’s argument about bureaucracy, it is important to understand the characteristics of an institution. These characteristics form the very arguments for the institutional theory.
Institutions focus on satisfying specific needs. Every institution meets a particular set of needs to the members of the institution. Every institution has prescribed rules that all members of the institutions have to follow. Rules help in maintaining discipline among the members of the institution. Further, they avoid any form of conflicts among the members. All members have to follow the prescribed rules and regulations. Further, organizations are abstract in nature, meaning that they are neither visible nor tangible. Organizations have cultural symbols. They embrace a particular way of doing things, regarded as the acceptable way of operation. All members conform to this normal way of doing things, which gives the institution identity from other institutions. As institutions come into existence due to collective activities of the people, they are social in nature.
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They present to the mind indelible encounters with rigid and insensitive clerks, standing in long queues and long, difficult forms. Seemingly, all bureaucracies share related characteristics, including hierarchical organization, specialization, and formal rules.
Negative aspects of the organizations having this type of structure are mostly neglected. We can start our analysis of the topic from theory presented by Weber (Weber & Andreski, 1983). This theory is considered as a land mark in organizational structure made from bureaucracy as it fundamental concept.
Second, Weber outlined the capacity of individuals to have control over other. History has showed several instances of charismatic power in the likes of Hitler and Pope John Paul II (Baum, 1987). The final idea of Weber (1958) concentrated on legal and rational authority, which indicates that formally written rules held certain individuals to assume powerful positions.
rs, we should all be witness to, and participate in, the end of bureaucracy and the rise of new social systems better able to cope with twentieth-century demands”.
The term bureaucracy is generally used to refer to hierarchical structure of the workforce and management of an
Social facts are a unique subject matter, according to Durkheim. This separate category of facts “consists of ways of acting, thinking and feeling, external to the individual, and endowed with a power of coercion, by reason of
The employees operating at the ground level in a bureaucratic setup may end up feeling frustrated owing to a lack of say in the decision making processes, resulting in a high turnover rate (Stivers 5). For instance in a
This is witnessed in fordism where assembly-line mass production is integrated with technology to create huge factories, which forms the backbone of industrial capitalism (Krahn, Graham & Karen, 227). Weber identified several elements associated with
Weber observed that societies and organisations could be effectively managed by authority to some individuals. This is where a number of individuals are given ultimate control over the organisation. In
About bureaucracy, usually, the people in leadership are not the ones chosen or elected by the public. Also, their day to day performance is evaluated since they report to their immediate boss, hence no bias opinions unlike in an anti-bureaucratic system where the people in leadership can place their relatives in any requested unit.
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