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As a result, electoral rules favored candidates from the single party. However, in 2009, Japanese citizens adopted a multi-party model. The move revolutionized the political scene, whereby in 2012, Toru Hashimoto, a candidate from an unknown party (Japan Restoration Association) took over the country’s leadership (Fackler, 2012). Conversely, in France, the political scene boasted several political parties. However, majority of the political candidates who won elections belonged to the Liberalist party making it the predominant political party in the region. In fact, some time had elapsed before a candidate from the Socialist party won the presidential election in 2012 (Erlanger, 2012). This showed that the electoral rules favored the predominant political party to some extent.
In both France and Japan, political parties draw their support from the public. Candidates make promises in their manifestos that appeal to the needs of the public. This strategy serves to consolidate citizens’ support. For example, the current President of France, François Hollande won by rejecting the incumbent’s (Sarkozy) ideologies of a sheltered, inclusive country.
In both France and Japan, both internal and external parties suggest economic changes; however, both countries face difficulties when implementing these changes. Under industrialist Louis Gallois’ advisement, socialist President François Hollande opted to minimize politicians’ influence on the economy by curbing their culture of enforcing regulations directed towards the economic sector. In the past, stringent economic regulations enforced by parliament led to loss of jobs and a decline in France’s export quota, whereby shares of exports dropped from 12.7% to 9.3% (Alderman, 2012). Mr. Gallois also advised the President to reduce taxes, which proved unfavorable for foreign and local entrepreneurs. Despite the soundness of the suggestions made, the public remains
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The country is one of the countries which are influential in the events that take place in the whole world. It rates alongside developed countries such as the United States of America, England, China and Germany among others. The country also exercises powers over other countries, which are still developing.
The French Revolution was an avenue for many changes socially, economically and politically. After the death of Napoleon, the monarchial system was restored. A way was paved for nationalism following the revolution.
It came into being towards the end of the 18th century and start of the 19th century in reaction to the social and economic changes caused by the industrial revolution, with the oppressed communities protesting against exploitation and bullying by the wealthy.
In order to keep tight control of the elite over people, the hegemonic class of Japan selectively hired some elements from the liberal logic and the traditional ideology . In terms of liberalism, the main element employed by the Meiji Japanese leaders was the idea of equal opportunity, which allegedly guaranteed that everyone could get awarded according to his/her talent.
Through the adaptability of the Japanese firm in finding ways to re-strengthen their international competitive power, Japan's economy was able to resurrect (Itoh n.d.).
Ulrike Schaede's book was entitled Choose and Focus: Japanese Business Strategies for the 21st century.
Japan had historically been in favour of trade liberalization and deregulation of all trade barriers. Prior to 1960, Japan had imposed strict trade restrictions in the form of quotas and tariffs. However, gradually these impediments were lifted so that the domestic industries gathered the technical skills to compete with the external players.
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