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The severe symptoms and worsening clinical course of cholera can be controlled or prevented by simple and basic methods of sanitation and personal hygiene. Moreover, new vaccinations against the pathogen are also evolving on the medical horizon, which is a sign of better cholera preventive methods. The outbreaks of cholera, are indeed a result of unsanitary conditions, however the conditions of war, the inefficiency of governments to provide adequate food supplies and poor socioeconomic conditions are major factors which lead to the development of such state of affairs. To understand the pathology and causes of cholera, it is not only imperative to focus on the symptoms, treatment and preventions, but also to highlight the socioeconomic and political factors which lead to the instigation of such dreaded outbreaks.
A major epidemic of cholera originated during the time period of 1960s and 1970s. The outbreak started from Southeast Asia and spread to the areas in Africa, Europe and the rest of Asia (Levinson, 2008). The very first pandemic started in 1817-1823 in the Ganges River region which spread to Kolkata, India. The outbreak then spread to Southeast Asia, eastern Africa and the Mediterranean. The second pandemic broke in India from 1829-1849 and was transmitted to Russia, Poland and Finland by traders and merchants. In 1831 cases were seen in England too. Irish immigrants carried it to Canada and then it entered United States through Detroit, New York and Michigan (Bjorklund, 2011). Major cases of cholera were not seen in United States, until 1991 when an epidemic broke out in Western Hemisphere, specifically in the coastal cities of Peru (Tierney, Papadakis & McPhee 2007, 2007; Levinson, 2008). During the 19th century six pandemics of cholera had taken place and ended in 1923. In 1961 the seventh pandemic originated in Indonesia, spreading to
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While most of them seek medical attention others ignore the problem. They dismiss it as a mere hurt burn or a negative body response to a certain diet. So they try to avoid certain foods in an attempt to maintain comfort in their tummies. This write up will explore three gastrointestinal diseases that affect human beings and proceed to explain ways of contracting the diseases.
Cholera is common is Asia, Africa, and Latin America. The characteristic incubation period of cholera is 1-5 days. The site of action of pathogen is the wall of small intestine. The bacteria cannot survive in the highly acidic contents of the stomach. However, if the bacteria manage to reach the small intestine they secrete a powerful toxin known as choleragen.
It was penned by one of the most revered Latin-American authors of the twentieth century, the Nobel Prize winner Gabriel Garcia Marquez from Columbia. Love in the Time of Cholera was originally written in Spanish language and was published as El Amor en los Tiempos del Colera in 1985 whereas its English version was published in 1988.
During this time, the middle-class was growing and many middle-class women were accessing education, and yet, they were still geared for Republican motherhood. Sisterhood, which was based on intimate bonds with female siblings and friends, helped women deal with these varied and conflicting social, family, and individual desires and changes in their lives.
bringing about social change while remaining appropriately sensitive, life-affirming, and respectfully refraining from rubbing your personal stuff in other people’s faces.
The idealism and courage of youth can drive radical approaches that are seen as threatening by those
The cells are incapable of maintaining excess amounts of the carbohydrates and lipids in the body. ML has far-reaching effects, for instance, young individuals with the defect suffer in terms of low mental capacities that leads to the children’s demise.
In modern times, media formed one of the sustainable parts of people’s life. Art also reflected to be a continuous process that repeatedly changed its forms with the time. This was also applicable for the different forms of media. In the