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Preparation, Control and Prevention of Pandemics - Term Paper Example

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The author states that the objective of prevention technique should be reducing an individual's susceptibility to disease by teaching people and health care providers about the disease and transmission. Special precautionary measures should be employed such as a prohibition of overcrowding. …
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Preparation, Control and Prevention of Pandemics
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Download file to see previous pages As the global environment is changing at a fast pace due to various issues such as migration, famine, fire, war, and terrorism the paths of disease transmission of infectious diseases are also varying and therefore, offering more challenges. Pandemic is a Greek word representing “all people”. Pandemic is a much broader form of an epidemic. Pandemic is an epidemic which is not confined to a certain population or geographical areas and, it is the spread of the disease worldwide. Some of the past examples of pandemics are smallpox, tuberculosis to most recent ones such as HIV pandemic and the 2009 flu pandemic. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), a pandemic is defined under the presence of three criteria of emergence and transmission: emergence of a disease unfamiliar to a population; agents infect humans, causing serious illness like bacteria, virus or fly; and agents spread easily and sustainably among humans (Segall, 2007, p. 5). The severity of the pandemic depends upon rapid recognition of the type of the strain and how fast the spread of the disease can be prevented.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has categorized pandemic into three stages: interpandemic (IP), pandemic alert period (PAP), pandemic period (PP). IP is the phase in which new disease is detected in population, in PAP the disease gets transmitted from one individual to another, PP is the widespread phase of the disease (Segall, 2007, p. 10). In 2009, WHO has further divided these into a six-phase approach for influenza pandemic: phases 1-3 (mainly animal infections and few human infections), phases 4 (sustained human to human transmission, phases 5-6 pandemic (widespread human infection), post-peak (recurring events), post-pandemic (disease activity at seasonal levels).   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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