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Karl Marx is a modernist because he believed that scientific methods, through historical materialism, can unearth the truth and help people challenge false belief systems. Marx argued that people should challenge existing capitalist structures of power, in order to attain social transformation, where an equitable distribution of power and wealth exists. Antonio Gramsci proposed that coercion can exist through “cultural hegemony,” where people agree that corporate interests serve their personal interests too (Brock, 2012, p.17). He argued that maintaining hegemony is a complex process, but people can fight it through counter-hegemonic actions.
Michael Foucault shifted sociological questions to “how” through his genealogical method. He examined the intricacy and contingency of historical events and everyday activities. He argued that power is historically produced and represented the ethical and political values of their times. Furthermore, Foucault asserted that power and knowledge have a circular relationship, where exercising power creates knowledge and this knowledge reinforces power. Liberalism believes that full citizenship is critical to political participation and economic progress. Neoliberalism contends that power is accessible to those who can attain it. It promotes the liberalization of markets through its free market ideology, where states support the privatization of public goods and services. This theory is highly individualistic and focuses on self-motivation and self
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On the other hand, America uses its education system to compare with other foreign countries in a bid to establish itself as a dominant force in this sector. However, from the foregoing, it can be observed that the main theme underlying the article is related to the concept of education.
2). Even though marriage in the United States has been defined as “a legal contract between a woman and man who are at or above a specified age and who are not already legally married to someone else” (Schwartz & Scott, 2010,
out towards the very fact that such uneven and untoward situations are the outcome of constant rise in the fee structure on the one hand, and decrease in the grants bestowed upon the students by the federal and states governments on the other. At private four-year schools,
2) It depends upon the type of job description that is being offered by the organization. If the organization requires an employee to communicate with third parties then a personality fit can do wonders. However, if they require a person
The chapter begins by giving a description of the economic crisis that occurred in 2008 which brought adverse effects like, a plunge in stock values, failure in financial institutions, and rise in levels of unemployment, personal bankruptcies and mortgage failures.
In such times, the leaderships have always played a role in convincing people to do more shopping to stimulate the economies. In the United States, for instance, the then President, George W. Bush, had to appeal to
These are partnerships, sole proprietorship, limited liability corporations and corporations. All these formations are prevalent in the modern business world and the choice to adopt one depends on a host of factors. These include things like capital,
of the Magritte painting, "The Treachery of Images." Though the theme of the painting is a ordinary pipe, the artists note reads, "This is not a pipe" (MacCloud, 24). As the writer provides details, this actually is not a pipe, nor is it a painting of a pipe. It is in fact ten
In monopoly a single product is sold by the producer which is undifferentiated. In oligopoly, a few producers sell products which are identical or different. In monopolistic competition many producers are
As a function of discussing this alongside presenting an alternative approach, the following analysis will promote an understanding of some of the pros and cons of the utilization of solar energy. The authors hopes that the reader will be able to gain a more informed
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