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The lowest among these have been referred to by the term untouchables. Subsequent to gaining independence from the British in 1947, the Indian government adopted a new constitution that outlawed the caste system (Schaefer 190).
These four castes are those of the Brahman or scholar cum priest, the Kshatria or warrior, the Vysya or merchant, and the Shudra or persons engaged in menial tasks. Access to spiritual materials was determined to a certain extent by caste. The Brahmans had to maintain a high degree of purity, as they had to conduct elaborate and intricate religious rituals that brooked of no compromise. The task of defending the kingdom from external and internal threats was the province of the Kshatrias. Commercial enterprise, trade and exports and imports were taken care of by the Vysyas. All other tasks, such as construction, irrigation, and agriculture were performed by the Shudras (The Laws of Manu, c. 1500 B.C.E.)
The chief ideas involved in the caste system are discussed in the sequel. This system had a deep effect on the practices followed by people in public as well as in the privacy of their homes. The prescribed rules of conduct could not be violated and transgressions had to be expatiated by means of purification procedures (Thakur and Banerjee 67). If the violation was sufficiently serious, then a person could be expelled from his particular caste.
The example of caste system reveals the fact that human behavior can be controlled by certain social norms that affect public or private conduct. This has proved to be disadvantageous to humanity on the majority of
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Parents on the other have insisted on punishing their children as the most viable way of disciplinary action on the child. Governments and human rights body never recognizes the perceived disciplinary actions of parents. In fact, many cases have been presented to courts with convictions of child abuse.
Sociologists evaluate social occurrences at different levels and from different standpoints. Interpretations and generalizations are based on the micro level analysis, or the study of specific events or small social pattern, and on the macro level, or the analysis of large social patterns.
This course provides an opportunity to look behind Western notions of “progress” and “modernization” to see things from other perspectives. One example of this has been the opportunity to explore how colonial influences have been viewed by people in many different colonized countries.
Student name: Professor Name: Course name: Date: Sociological Perspective The contemporary society has witnessed tremendous alterations particularly during the last two decades in the wake of technological advancements being made in it. These changes are not confined to one specific area or region of the world; on the contrary, changes could be observed even in the most backward cultures of the globe, where almost all social institutions are turning complex in the aftermath of the globalization.
This is due to the historic social forces that have helped in developing the gay movement largely belonged to middleclass. Also the economic patterns of living happily and freely as a gay person one is required to have a middleclass residency, employment and expenditure patterns.
When individuals are growing up, many of them tend to perceive the world innocently, not realising that the world is made up of many complexities which are hidden just below the surface. The first perception that individuals tend to have of the world and their societies is always based on their immediate surroundings and these surroundings can be considered to be the starting point of the process of active socialisation as well as the development of the realisation of different sociological perspectives.
The self comprises of two attributes the 'I' and 'me'. The 'I' is referred to as in response to the outside world and 'me' reflects more of the social life. It can be easily be observed that people do lie in between the two assumptions and that people are aware that they will have self-control problems, but the fact is that they cannot rely upon their judgments as they feel themselves to be more prone to faulty predictions.