The other perspectives consist of the conflict theory and the interactionism approach. This theory of functionalism examines the society based on a functional framework. Functionalism stresses the importance of…
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The study will also be based on the major attributes of an ideal societal structure.
According to Robert (2000), the Functionalist perspective came to be as a result of the works of Emile Durkheim. Later on, Talcott Parsons, a Harvard sociologist shaped the theory. Functionalism can be associated with one premise. Andersen & Taylor (2005) assert that this premise purports that the world can be viewed as a system of interrelated parts; each part contributes to success of the entire system. It can, therefore, be argued that this theory concerns itself with describing the world as a whole made up of several parts. The theory of functionalism holds that everything and everyone serves a purpose in society. Therefore, functionalists do not down look the role that each member of the society plays.
Functionalism theorists argue that crime has a role to play in society. For example, they observe that crime brings the need to employ police officers, prosecutors, lawmakers, investigators, and defense attorneys. Functionalists argue that if crime suddenly disappeared, numerous jobs related to crime would be lost (Barlow& Kauzlarich, 2010). Crime also plays the role of bringing families, individuals, and communities together for a purpose. Therefore, functionalism theory supports the argument that crime should be there in society. Those who supported this school of thought made several arguments in favor of crime (Joseph, 2003).
To Durkheim, deviance and crime has three key functions in the society. Deviance reaffirms norms of society, challenges the status quo and promotes social unity in the society. Durkheim argued that deviance can question the status quo, therefore, making society renounce the held norms. For example, deviant and criminal acts became critical in influencing African American rights movement (Tischler, 2010). In addition, deviance has assisted women and homosexuals to demand their rights. Therefore, deviance breaks down the norms of prejudice
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In their attempts to explain how different things happen the way they do within the society, Sociologist have come up with numerous theories, each of which looks at various facets of the society from a rather unique point of view. In one way or the other, each of these theories has succeeded in explaining many things about the society.
Cognitive therapy IV. Anti discriminatory practice/ anti oppressive practice A. Analysis of class, gender, and social disadvantage of the client is inherent to praxis intervention. V. Managing risk A. Contact with Mr. Lucian as well as Mrs. Lucian B. Contact with governmental domestic violence and child protective services VI.
Drug abuse is a formidable social, medical and economic challenge that has persisted for long time since human civilization. Though improvement of medical technology has resulted to discovery of better methods of treating drug addicts from drug dependency, researchers affirm the need of understanding the problem from different dimensions including psychological, sociological, biological, and environmental among other approaches.
To be more precise, the theories of functionalism take the identity of a mental state to be conclusive by its causal relations to sensory stimulations and behavior. Functionalism is a thought, desire, pain (or any other type of mental state) that does not depend on "its internal constitution, but solely on its function, or the role it plays, in the cognitive system of which it is a part.
International Relations deal with human behavior in the largest of all social groups: the international society. International Relations theory is an intellectual treasure trove of Weberian ideal types of phenomenon, structures, processes, causes, effects and outcomes.
The author states that structural functionalism views society as a functionally integrated system that holds an equilibrium, while conflict theory emphasizes a disintegration of society, stating that there is a conflict of interest in all organizations and at all times, as society is subject to change.
Though, the society is bound to erode the set morals, rebellion must be suppressed through defining goals that have to be followed in the society, allowing the society members to conform to the norms
Strain theory, on the other hand, states that crime is a
m mainly focused on how modern, capitalist, and secular societies managed to be stable despite the decline of the church nobility and the ruling elites of the older days. Durkheim argued that specialization, division of labor, and diversity characterized the modern society
The thing that underpins the functionalist view of religion as a contributing factor to the continuation and health of the society is that fact that it views it as one of the major components that make up the society besides family, school, education, mass media, economy, and polity (Beckford, 2006).
Functionalism suggests that each aspect in the society is interdependent and in turn contributes to the functioning of the society. For instance, the government will provide education to the children that will intern benefit from the taxes paid when
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