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For this reason many continue to offer suggestions as to how this problem can be best addressed. Some feel that the government can play a significant role by establishing policies in favor of assisting indigenous people. For example, Paul Kauffman (2003) performed an exploration into the plight of indigenous people in the ‘New World’. He looked at the strength and weaknesses of Australia, Canada New Zealand, and the United States and was able to make some suggestions on polices that could be implemented in order to improve the situation of the indigenous.
Indigenous people tend to have shorter lifespans resulting from lack of access to proper medical care, higher rates of poor health habits, and even suicide (Kauffman). This shows a great inequality, as non-indigenous people tend to live longer. As a solution to this issue Kauffman suggested that the governments of the New World establish health programs that guarantee just and equal medical care by catering to indigenous people. However, health is just one of the issues that are causing inequality between indigenous and non-indigenous people. Employment is another focal point. Kauffman suggested that agreements be established in Canada which “included training and work rights” (Kauffman) In addition, he addressed the issue of land for the indigenous in Australia, calling for housing loan programs whereby they can regain their territory in the North.
Indigenous people in Australia suffer from high rates of homelessness. It was reported that “Despite a strong push to improve housing, 9248 people, or 1.9 per cent of the indigenous population, lacked a permanent place to call home in 3006 – the same figure as in 2001” (Homeless Aborigines situation still dire 2009). Kauffman’s suggestion to create housing loan programs so that they can regain their territory may be productive for some but, unless the qualifications for obtaining the loan are very
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This is because the administration of criminal justice has targeted some section of the population unlike the others. There has been increases victimization and jailing of the black and Asian community which has been associated with crimes. Several scholars have at the same time expressed their desires in trying to understand the bottom cause of this associated and therefore have tried to come up with several theories that try to relate crime with race, migration and ethnicity.
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As the report declares there is no doubt that the statistics regarding those who are arrested shows that African Americans and Hispanic Americans are more likely to be incarcerated than Americans of Caucasian race. The people were charged with, they include violent, property, drug, public order, weapon, immigration offences as well as misdemeanors.
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