Policing involves the control and regulation of social conflict and therefore involves adversarial contacts with some of the members of the population at certain times and in certain places (Johnston, 1999). …
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They are accountable to a regional or national government and are given a “general right to use coercive force by the state within the state’s domestic territory” (Klockars, 1985). They are a visible show of state power and a body with which civil society interacts with extensively on a day-to-day basis. Police officers are the specialist carriers of the state’s bedrock power: they hold the monopoly on the state-sanctioned use of violence against its own citizens. They are authorized to bear arms and, in certain circumstances, to shoot to kill.
The overall objective of the police force is to keep peace - sovereign peace - and prevent crime by acting as a visible deterrent to any potential law-breakers. Police officers are allowed to detain by force, conduct searches of people, their homes and possessions, and conduct covert surveillance on the private lives of people suspected of criminal involvement or intent. The general behaviour of the police force is a critical indicator of the essential character of a state and speaks the very heart of the condition of a political order.
The colonial or paramilitary model grows out of the direct relationship between the government, the army and the police, and emphasizes the use of force to control or subjugate specific sections of the population. The military model promotes the idea that police officers are a close-knit, special group while the citizens as outsiders and enemies. The police officers are under direct control of governments and they are partisan in enforcing the rule of a specific political regime, including those with entrenched discrimination policies.
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I would also like to thank the numerous friends who have been worthwhile companions during the many hours spent working in the library. I would also like to thank each of the young men who gave up their time and cooperated with me by participating in my study.
In this paper these are some of the facts that we will be analyzing in detail. Specifically the focus will be on Online Communities that have taken the world up by storm in the last 3 years. The impact on social life and type of online communities will also be discussed.
With these differences, the police box and residential police box have the ir own strengths. Police boxes are more advantageous in terms of the prevention of crimes and accidents, and the response to such events, because each of them is manned by more than one officer around the clock.
The police have the duty to police the citizens as well as to provide service to them. It puts the police in a complex role. The citizens are at the receiving end of police service at the same time the service is rendered by monitoring the activities of the citizens, with a view to ascertain whether they conduct themselves according to laws of the country.
This method reaches well beyond the past failed experiment of simply enforcing increasingly stricter laws intended to punish offenders by focusing on the individual user’s needs. The change in tactic by the
As enforcers of laws, they underwent substantive education on security management and crime prevention strategies. Laid with high expectations from constituents, they are expected to perform their roles and mandates professionally and in observance of international humanitarian standards.
They are also characterized by existence of small residential streets. The main aim of this essay is it analyses the possible positive and negative impacts of gated communities.
Gated communities have a lot of benefits in the communities. First and
I find it unpleasing that law enforcers have turned out to be perpetrators of the same policies they are assigned to protect. Racial discrimination in the system has become common in various parts of the United States. Police brutality cases have become rampant in the America.
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