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The Food Quality Protection Act - Annotated Bibliography Example

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This article “The Food Quality Protection Act” presents the accomplishments of the Food Quality Protection Act, 10 years after it was implemented. This is only a narrative presentation but lacks data on numbers. The report said that all pesticides used on food in the U.S. meet safety standards…
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The Food Quality Protection Act
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The FQPA amended previous legislation and has set a “more consistent, protective regulatory scheme, based on sound science”. Particularly, FPQA adopts single health-based standards for all pesticides in all foods. The law provides special protection for infants and children; incentives for the American farmers to develop and maintain effective crop protection measures; the need for periodic evaluation of pesticide registration and tolerance for collection of scientific data and expediting approval of pesticide application. This law is under review for further refinements

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. “Accomplishments under the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA)” August 3, 2006 -- 10th Anniversary of the Food Quality Protection Act. Pesticides: Regulating Pesticides. Web. EPA hopes that with the tools provided to the agency by the law, they will continue to become a reliable food supplier in the world.
Th. Blaha “The Importance of Quality Assurance and Food Safety in Modern Food Production Systems”. University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine Department of Clinical and Population Sciences. Web. In the introductory of this topic, Th. Blaha points to the food=borne disease and deaths caused by unsafe meat food products. He traced this to the lack of quality control system on meat inspection and proper hygiene; although the author admitted that safety controls are much more advanced now than in previous years. The author said that consumers now are more health-conscious as they demand economical, healthy, tasty and safe food. Consumer behavior now shows respect towards animal welfare and to the safety of the environment as well as quality-oriented food that gives nutrients. In this report, the role of information and technology is enhanced to assist livestock producer to meet the demand for quality meat products. To the author, quality assurance comes first and is more important because it lessens the future cost of damage. To do this, a management system should be developed to gather data, processed and analyzed to deal with any problems on animal production. He said that once an information system is set in place, it will be easy to deal with the origin of the disease of the animal. A healthy and safe livestock production, according to an author is one way to be competitive in the supply food chain.

FAO. “The importance of food quality and safety for developing countries”. Web. FAO gives a complex definition of food as to safety and quality. Food safety is the absence of contaminants and adulterants coming from toxins or any other substances that makes the food harmful to health, while quality is referred to as to its nutritional values, appearance such as taste, texture, and functional properties. FAO, in this report, estimated the world population to reach 7.6 billion in 2020. This figure is a challenge to the food supply production that will have to intensify agriculture and livestock production, introduction of new technologies and biotechnologies to be able to produce supply. FAO posed an assumption that some of these measures may cause potential problems for food safety and for that, necessary studies should be done along this line. A portion of this report (par. 19) stated a contradiction on use of pesticides, saying that “There is no evidence that evaluated food additives or pesticides used in accordance with international recommendations have been the cause of any harm to humans”, but reasoned that “inappropriate use of that chemicals can cause health problems”. FAO cited that inappropriate use of controlled substances like lead, mercury, cadmium, and adulteration of other mixes lead to poison and food-borne diseases. FAO said the economic losses to agriculture and animal production that is spoiled and destroyed due to contamination are hard to estimate as it has a wide effect on production, employment, and income. Some causes of deterioration of quality exist in the supply chain. FAO reported the unthinkable impact to consumers of the unscrupulous ways of middlemen such as mislabeling of product, adulteration, and reduction of food nutrients. Xinhua. “China vows to ensure food safety as new law takes effect”. China Daily. 2009. Web. This news report headlines the new food safety law that takes effect this year in China. With the enforcement of this new law, Chinese authorities hope food scandals in the country will not be repeated. China’s food scandals were major news worldwide. Xinhua said that the Chinese authorities pledged to intensify monitoring and law enforcement in order to improve the industry’s reputation and regain consumer’s confidence. The new system is going to have an improved food safety monitoring network, a recall system for substandard products and harsh punishment for offenders.

World Food Program. “Food Safety and hygiene”. Food Quality Control. Web. World Food Program (WFP) describes that food quality control is not only ensuring the safety of the product, but control should also make certain that food supplies are available in adequate amounts, at an affordable price, of good quality, and has nutritional value for all age group of population. WFP specifies that food quality control covers all phases of production, from processing and storage to distribution and consumption. WFP said that it is the duty of the producers and suppliers to protect the health of consumers from risks to maintain a good quality of the product. Risks to products can be controlled by proper knowledge and application, and assistance and studies of WHP are available. Some of the risks identified are “contamination by micro-organisms, toxins, foreign matters, chemical contaminants, and excess of moisture content, a degradation of the nutritional value, or a pest infestation”

President Bill Clinton and Vice President Algarve. “Reinventing Food Regulations”. Performance Review. 1996. Web. The report of the US top officials showed the need to review the food safety law of the Fed system since it has been in existence for almost a century. It has acknowledged that changes have to be made to adapt to the global system and the changing needs of American consumers and to correct the existing laws. The report said that the defect of the 1997 system is that the problem is detected after it has occurred. For instance, foodborne illnesses caused by “harmful bacteria and other pathogenic micro-organisms found in meat, poultry, seafoods and dairy products are significant problems of the government” The top officials admitted, in the report, the call for a change of the system of food safety control, and has adopted modification in food safety policy. A common approach to food safety was adopted and incorporated into the government program through the setting up of a science-based system of food safety controls, known as Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points. (HACCP). HACCP will be implemented by each company and must use the same quality control standards.

Romano Donato, Cavicchi Alessio, Rocchi Bernadette, and Gianluca Stefani. “Costs and Benefits of Compliance for HACCP Regulation in the Italian Meat and Dairy Sector.” Web. The authors viewed the cost and benefit in complying with the HACCP requirement. HACCP is a required entry to the U.S food market. Often this is done through voluntary quality systems through the ISO 9002, BRC Standards and product certifications. Costs and benefits have been analyzed by the authors to see the economic impact of HACCP compliance. The study categorized benefits and costs to firms, consumers and public bodies. Firms tend to benefit in the form of higher revenues, gains in efficiency, and “avoided costs” for faulty products. Consumers are benefited through avoidance of food-borne illness; while the government benefits from savings on medical care and social security. The accompanying costs to firms are prevention and appraisal; monitoring of compliance by private sector groups and cost of enforcement by the government. Read More
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