Trafficking of African Women and Girls still continues to be an international racket which tarnishes the international society which is constantly striving to achieve a scenario of human dignity and justice. …
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The United Nations estimates that 4 million people are trafficked each year resulting in $7 billion in profits to criminal groups. Many countries have weak, unenforced or no laws against trafficking in human beings, often making it less risky and more profitable to criminal groups than drug or arms trafficking. With increased economic globalization, trafficking in women from poor to wealthier countries appears to be on the rise. Trafficking networks may recruit and transport women legally or illegally for slavery-like work, including forced prostitution, sweatshop labor, and exploitative domestic servitude In 2000 the United Nations adopted the Convention Against Transnational Organised Crime, also called the Palermo Convention and two Palermo protocols. Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children and Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air. All these instruments contain elements of the current international law on trafficking in human beings. An additional objective of the Protocol is to protect and assist the victims of trafficking in persons with full respect for their human rights
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The terms “involuntary servitude, debt bondage, and forced labor” are others names that imply some form of exploitation and the forcible detainment of another person against his or her own volition. Regardless to the name or term used human trafficking is crime, a crime against humanity and a gross violation of human rights.
Father or a father figure person is very important in the life of any girl. For a girl, her father plays a crucial role for easy going, cosy and comfortable life. At every stage of the life of girls, they need both their fathers and mothers.African American girls have to face abundant problems due to their family life especially their status of fatherlessness.
Violence against women and young girls takes place in the streets, in schools, at the work place, at home, in firm fields or even in refugee camps in times of crises and conflicts. It includes several manifestations such as the most universal prevalent ways of domestic as well as sexual violence and such harmful abuses like abuse during pregnancy, honour killings and other femicide (UNIFEM, 2010).
As the cultural identities and political identities are affected by slavery in pre-colonial period, the same has played a role even in state formation. In fact, the colonialism fragmented the African identity of Sudan into ethnicities and the flexible cultural communities started conflicting with different political entities that resulted in civil war as well as slavery.
Therefore, the plan Togo organization should acknowledge that, fighting against this problem means to fight against a global crime. Researches indicate that human trafficking together with guns and drugs are
In this regard, this book looks into the main factors that are used to distinct different gender, child’s knowledge of gender, female adolescent issues like puberty and menstruation, self identity, early education, career and relationships.
Thirdly, this book
High percentages of these women came from industrialized countries (mostly the United States), were heterosexual, White, middle-class and educated. As such, the movement failed to take into consideration the different sociocultural contexts that
The author states that it is an indication that regardless of the gender, Muslims must refrain from adultery which is regarded as the most evil and shameless deed. Adultery is also shunned because it also breeds other forms of evil in the society. In this case of the jihadists, adultery creates the need to traffic women.
In general, the occurrence of sexual violence results from disrespecting human rights. With sexual violence come pain, trauma, shame, depression, and lack of function in the society (Jenny and Correa-Velez 2010, p.90-110). Furthermore, refugees face many difficult
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