For the purpose of this research discussion, Argument of Rawls's Political Liberalism, the researcher will gather a literature review related to John Rawls’ changing perception on the Theory of Justice to the need to promote political liberalism. …
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As part of the main discussion, the researcher will conduct an argument as to whether or not the Rawls's promotion of a political liberalism could result to a departure from the theory of justice.
Short Introduction on the Theory of Justice
John Rawls believes that the basic structure of a society is the politics.4 In line with the theory of justice, Rawls (1971) applied the both the utilitarian and Kantian philosophy as a way of evaluating the moral of political and social institutions.5
His initial belief that a fair institution could positively change the lives of the people made him conclude that changing the general structure of the society by enabling the country's significant social institutions and the way they practice their rights and duties through social cooperation could result to a better place to live.6 For this reason, he claims that promoting liberties, equalities as well as a fair and equal distribution of advantages can be solved by changing the constitutional and legal provisions within the country.
In the process of discussing the promotion of a fair choice situation for all people, Rawls emphasizes in his original position the importance of unveiling the ignorance of the people to accept the way he presented the principle of justice. In line with this statement, he believes a person's place in the society; the class position or social status; or the distribution of natural assets and liabilities, intelligence and strength are usually remain unclear and unknown to most people within the society. Therefore, there is a need to apply 'the principles of justice' behind 'the veil of ignorance.'
Considering the ignorance of people about himself, it is then possible to develop a scheme of...
From this study it is clear that since 1971, John Rawls have been constantly modifying his own concept of justice as fairness. At first, he mentioned that a democratic society based on pluralism of reasonableness and moral views could promote justice for everyone. Along the way, Rawls noticed that his claim of a ‘justice as fariness’ is not compatible with the wide-range of principle that is present in ulitarianism philosophy and the theory of the Kantian moral. Basically, the thought of having a society that follows justice as fairness is not applicable within a democratic society. Given that justice as fairness is not suitable for a democratic society, John Rawls wrote another book on Political Liberalism as a new theory of justice.
This paper highlights that considering the ignorance of people about himself, it is then possible to develop a scheme of justice that is applicable within a society in a way that it will be fair for everybody. In line with this matter, Rawls called his original position of developing a strategy that could maximize the position of the least advantaged people as a ‘maximin strategy. The equal right between men and women to vote or to run for office, freedom of thought and speech, etc. He takes his position for equality as ‘egalitarian’ such that equality should be achieved without the need to worsen the position of those people who are better-off.
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