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Also, no reasons on why these people with such a distinction are similar with each other. In line with this, a question arises "Are drug users driven to crime, driven by their enslavement to expensive drugs that can be afforded only through continuous predatory activities Or is it that drugs drive crime, that careers in drugs intensify already existing criminal career"
This kind of question arises as there are people whether a psychologist, an observer or the people who experienced such a fate have different claims concerning the issue. There are people ho claimed that it is because of the addiction with illegal drugs which drives a certain person to commit crime to satisfy his cravings for the drug and there are those who assert that it is due to the fact that some crime perpetrators pacify their egos by using illegal drugs and its continuous usage is perhaps the main reasons on why they tend to alleviate their crime activities.
In studying and observing the development of a certain individual regarding his actions, it is important to know and analyze the environment a certain individual belongs and how they are driven to act as such. In analyzing this kind of premise, one will have the idea that the actuations of drug users who are driven to crime act as such because of their enslavement to expensive drugs in order to compensate and satisfy their cravings in illegal drugs.
In recent Findings done by the United Nations in 2006 it was stated “Some 200 million people, or 5 percent of the global population age 15-64, have used illicit drugs at least once in the last 12 months. Among this population are people from almost every country on earth. More people are involved in the production and trafficking of illicit drugs and still more are touched by the devastating social and economic costs of this problem." Upon analyzing this statistical study, one might conclude that drugs are commodity for some as five percent of the world's population have and may be continuously using such a thing. In This case, it is true that there are people who tend to use drugs. However, establishing the reasons on why they use such is another complicated issue to be settled. Of course, most Psychological fellow suggests that majority of these people uses these drugs out of curiosity, escape of reality and problems. However, this should not stop there. It is an established fact that majority of the crimes that were committed in UK and in other parts of the world has something to do with illegal drugs.
If we are to delve and fathom the effects of drugs in a certain individual, it is now immaterial on how a certain individual starts in abusing illegal drugs. In this case, what matters most is determining the mindset of a drug dependent and his actuations particularly those who are committing crimes. Majority of Psychologists, Sociologists and drug experts suggests and concluded that drug dependents resort into criminal activities to obtain resources to give into their cravings with illegal drugs.
There were historical accounts attesting that drug abuse has something to do with money and most of the dependents resort into criminal activities in order to satisfy their cravings. Birch (1997) stated that "It was during the nineteenth century, a period of rapidly increasing prosperity, that drug addiction started to become a major social problem both in this country (UK) and in America. The proliferation of patent medicines and opiate nostrums like
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As technology and science emerged, scientists learned how to control the active ingredients in these drugs. Thus, drugs became more pure and more potent than their counterparts. Many effects of these drugs were unknown and often had bad side effects. As a result, many substances are concerned illicit and have been outlawed by many countries. This promotes the sale and use of these illicit substances underground, which has lead to an entire economy, which is based of the illegal sale of drugs.
The ill-effects of alcoholism have borne out evidently in census figures.Apart from alcoholism another lurking danger is other drug abuse. Drugs like Heroine, coke and ganja has increased to a great extent. Now, even students get access to these dangerous drugs and this is how many lives are ruined. According to the research and reports by Australian institute for health and welfare (Australian government), the drug abuse has propagated heavily since 2004.
What is meant by the stigma of alcohol or drug programs? How might such stigmas be overcome?
“You are a loser?” This is how some people brand alcohol and drug dependents, and for others it is how they feel about themselves. It is called stigma. Stigma is defined as “a mark or token of infamy, a distinguishing mark of social disgrace, a mark or characteristic indicative of a history of a disease or abnormality.” It is something that creates fear and shame among alcohol dependents and drug dependents.
Today, the pervasive use and abuse of drugs in our society has escalated to rampant extents. No section of the society seems to be immune to this growing menace, not sportspersons, top-level executives, celebs, politicians or police officers. Drug abuse is widespread in all segments of modern society, with a current estimation of 4,396 million users of substances such as cocaine, heroin, alcohol, substituted amphetamines, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, opioids and other synthetic drugs.
Upon withdrawal, the body's response to its absence evokes intense cravings and pain sensation thereby slowly indicating physical response and dependence on the drug. Other drugs that are used to relieve stress may not be as physically addictive. Nevertheless Myers (1998) explained that both physical addiction and psychological dependence evokes upon its user the constant focus of trying to obtain such to relieve any feeling of unhealthiness.
These investigations can provide preliminary evidence on the probable importance of genetic factors and serve as the foundation for subsequent research. People over the age of 18 who have at least one biological parent with severe and repetitive life problems with alcohol are referred to as adult children of alcoholics.
(Volkow, 2004) The effect of this abuse is apparent in many areas of life, and includes health and social concerns, the emotional and mental anguish to the patient and the persons close to them, and the effects it can produce on a broader scale on the different sectors of life.
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The drug can be administered intravenously (IV), or can also be given orally. It works by producing metabolites in the body,
such a powerful high that normal life looks primitive and disinteresting after it and people are ready to waste years to match that first elusive feeling (Dickitter, 2004). So heroin addiction is obviously the toughest addiction to overcome and there is a number of social,
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