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New urbanism - Essay Example

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There is need to initially know the definition of this concept; New Urbanism "is the most important planning movement this century, it is an American urban design movement that arose in the early and is about creating a better future for us all.It is an international movement to reform the design of the built environment, and is about raising our quality of life and standard of living by creating better places to live. New Urbanism is the revival of our lost art of place-making, and is essentially a re-ordering of the built environment into the form of complete cities, towns, villages, and neighborhoods - the way communities have been built for centuries around the world. New Urbanism involves fixing and infilling cities, as well as the creation of compact new towns and villages". (New Urbanism)HOW NEW URBANISM BEGINS: This dated back to 1980s, due to the fact that "a growing number of architects and planners became unhappy with the way urban centers were decaying and the simultaneous increase of communities that were fragmented, car-oriented and spread out". (History of New Urbanism) Thus in the 1980s, and early 1990s, new urbanism took up.However, "New Urbanism gained national recognition with the development of communities like the resort village of Seaside, Florida in 1981. Seaside received national media coverage with a feature article in Atlantic Monthly in 1988, and when it was featured in the 1998 blockbuster, "The Truman Show".". (History of New Urbanism)...
-Pedestrian streets

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free of cars in special cases





2. Connectivity

-Interconnected street grid network disperses traffic & eases walking
-A hierarchy of narrow streets, boulevards, and alleys
-High quality pedestrian network and public realm makes walking pleasurable






3. Mixed-Use & Diversity

-A mix of shops, offices, apartments, and homes on site. Mixed-use within neighborhoods, within blocks, and within buildings
-Diversity of people - of ages, income levels, cultures, and races







4. Mixed Housing

A range of types, sizes and prices in closer proximity

(Principle of New Urbanism)

New Urbanism Application: It can be applied "in any setting or community, large or small. In deciding how it might be applied, a distinction between New Urbanism and Smart Growth may be useful. Smart Growth may be understood as the regional policies of local governments and institutions which are intended to promote New Urbanist development. In turn, New Urbanism is a set of design, building, and development principles, which are market-driven and site-specific". (Where can it happen)
CONCLUSION: In conclusion, an attempt is made to formally "analysis of the virtues of new urbanism, a movement hailed as the most significant movement in urban planning and architecture in this century. We proceed using the tools of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to develop quantitative measures of urban form. We then incorporate those measures in a hedonic price analysis. We find that our measures of urban form capture meaningful differences in the characters of urban neighborhoods that could well have direct impacts on the utility of urban residents. Further, we find that such differences are capitalized into

Summary

There is need to initially know the definition of this concept; New Urbanism "is the most important planning movement this century, it is an American urban design movement that arose in the early and is about creating a better future for us all…
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