Urban landscape has been undergoing rapid transformation in the UK. Industrialization and commercialization of businesses accompanied by new construction techniques and materials have changed the way our buildings were built and the way they formed an implicit part of our urbanization…
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Thus the quest for more urban space itself is responsible for disturbing the social, economic and cultural fabrics of many suburban area and Greenfield areas.
Population decentralization has seen a significant decline in the city population and urban migration to suburban rural areas. In Britain rigid conservation bodies protect rural heritage and limit development in Greenfield areas. Recent policy changes have restricted Greenfield development, planning new pressures upon regional and local planning authorities to create planning solutions to this growing problem and ensure there is an adequate supply of Brownfield land for development. This paper examines the evolution of the urban regeneration policy in Britain since the year 1977 through an in-depth literature review and concludes on its important aspects so as to arrive at clearer understanding of the overall situation. For illustrative purposes the paper explores the policy formation in he most important debate in urban regeneration i.e. Brownfield development.
With new restrictions on Greenfield development, government has now turned to the urban regeneration of Brownfield sites as the solution to satisfying growing demand due to changes in household and outer migration. For regeneration to be successful in the long term, the economic and social well being of the community must also be considered. 'Without regard for economic, social and culture aspects, property development may not meet the needs of the community and be unsustainable in the long run, not withstanding any short term profitability that might be achieved' (Syms, 2002) The restriction of Greenfield development has meant planning authorities and developers now look to sustainable urban regeneration, by increasing housing density to cater for housing demand and need. Successful sustainable regeneration demands the economic, social and environmental revitalization of urban regions to attract business investment back into inner urban areas. As the good practice examples in this document show [deleted] neighbourhoods renewal starts from a proper understanding of the needs of communities. Communities need to be consulted and listened to, and the most effective interventions are often those where communities are actively involved in their design and delivery, and where possible in the driving seat. Often, this applies as much to 'communities of interest' - like black and minority ethnic groups, faith communities, older or younger people, or a disabled person - as it does to geographical communities. The report on the Stephen Lawrence inquiry points to some important lessons for all service providers in how institutions need to do better for black and minority
ethnic groups. (Social, 2001)
"[The Government] Strategy represents a huge change in the pace and scale of the Government's attack on deprivation. It combines action and resources to tackle individual problems such as unemployment, crime and poor services, as well as new mechanisms to empower residents, and join up action on the ground and in Whitehall. It offers a major shift in approach, away from regeneration programmes shoring up poor public services in only a few areas, towards ensuring
high quality public services in all neighbourhoods". (Social, 2001) To achieve the government's new objectives,
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(“Urban Regeneration Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
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(Urban Regeneration Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Urban Regeneration Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1515699-urban-regeneration.
The primary purpose of the proposed study is to analyze the scope of urban regeneration and various urban changes that are currently underway in East Manchester.In doing so, the proposed study aims to evaluate aspects such as regeneration, urban processes and sustainability to suggest any possible shifts that may have occurred in this process.
Urban Regeneration Practice: 'Eco-City'
Over the last two decades, various measures have been taken to render cities environmentally and socially sustainable. This has resulted in the new phenomenon known as ‘ecocity’. In the first decade of the twenty-first century, the phenomenon appears to have become increasingly global and mainstream, with international “recognition of the scale and severity of climate change, and rapid urbanisation particularly in the developing world” (Joss 2010: 239).
It was a joint venture between the City Council of Manchester and a private developer, Allied London. Spinningfields has residential, commercial, retail, civic and leisure uses under its quarters. It was estimated at the time of its development that it would have an end value of more than ?
Role of Local Authorities in Urban Regeneration
Urban regeneration is the process of re-developing land in certain areas which is in moderate or high urban land usage. This may include the demolition of historic structures, relocation of businesses or people and various other measures to change the structure of an area.
In comparison, those who stick to a rural setting tend to be more fertile, shorter, lighter, suffer from more disease and poverty with a higher mortality rate. Once migrants have established themselves within the urban setting, they more often will have lower mortality rates, experience changes in their traditional cultural lifestyle, and have a predictably lower fertility rate.
There often exists considerable distance between residential areas and commercial, retail, or employment areas. This has resulted in commuting problems of traffic congestion or economic exclusion. Social exclusion has also resulted from this difficulty of access, and this has occurred especially in towns such as Ballymun which have only one entrance/exit (Williams and Shiels, 2001, p.
Despite public bodies being in possession of large chunks of land, they nevertheless lacked the necessary capital and will to aid in its redevelopment (Church 1988).
As such, the private sector was only in possession of limited land, leading to a market insensitive land control.
Urban Regeneration Partnerships
To effectively realize and sustain the goals of urban regeneration the British government initiated partnerships with public, private, community and voluntary sectors from the fields of infrastructure, education, health, social, finance etc.
Stadium at the center of town was supposed to help by way of playing ground, so as to keep all sections of society physically fit and well.
There was fierce resistance from the affected citizens and local social help groups. The project was also resisted by environmentalists on the ground that the slums were interspersed with large tracks of woods which were to be cut down for effective implementation of the project.