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A family is the basic unit of the society and its disintegration will spell disaster for this society.
The barriers to effective drug treatment for street-level prostitution need to be reduced if not completely eliminated. This calls for the involvement of various stakeholders including counselors, doctors, clinicians, social workers, the appropriate government agencies, the community, and the women themselves and anyone else involved with prostitutes.
There is a strong relationship between street-level prostitution and drug abuse, according to findings of a number of researches. Campbell (2002) further found out that the best way to reduce the number of women engaged in street prostitution is to tackle the issue of drug use.
According to Cusick (1998), drug use has been found to be high not only on the streets, but also indoors. However, it has also been found that street workers use more money on drugs, are more frequent users and prefer highly addictive drugs like cocaine and heroin (Campbell, 2002).
Women involved in street prostitution have been found to spend about 75 per cent of their income on drugs (May et al, 1999). There is therefore an urgent need to tackle the problem of drug abuse among these women. This will go a long way in curtailing the welfare and health costs that come with drug abuse and prostitution (Church et al, 2001).
Women involved in prostitution are often physically and psychologically abused by their clients. It is not uncommon to see them fragile, scared and unsure of themselves. They also develop a number of medical issues such as hepatitis C, dental problems, and abscesses.
Many of these women do not see any need to visit a medical expert such as a doctor, and only go to the emergency room when the situation warrants. They argue that the treatment they receive from doctors is not good; they also claim that doctors brush them aside.
To tackle this problem, a survey will be carried out to find out the exact barriers upon which to base our intervention. The desired outcome is to reduce or completely eliminate the barriers to effective drug treatment for street-level prostitution.
To investigate this topic further, nine women from Glassgow city were interviewed. These women had to meet a number of requirements for them to participate in this survey.
First, they had to have been practicing prostitution for the last one month or so. Second, they had to have used stimulant drugs or opiate within the last one month at least four times. Third, they had to have perceived their drug abuse as a big problem. All this was in order to understand where these women are coming from.
The participants' age ranged between 23 and 55 years, and their period of engagement in prostitution was between three and eighteen years. All the participants admitted to being opiate users, and the quantity of heroine used daily ranged between one and eight bags.
A majority of these women also admitted to using other substances such as tranquilizers and cocaine. All the women attributed their engaging in prostitution to opiate addiction.
The number of nights or days that these participants were engaged in acts of prostitution were greatly determined
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The author states that a fundamental problem is a lack of clear operational definitions of “dual diagnosis”. In many areas a significant proportion of people with severe mental health problems misuse substances, whether as “selfmedication”, episodically or continuously. Many people suffer from a common mental health problem such as depression or anxiety.
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