Equality in Just Society - Essay Example

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Although many contend that a just society in which absolute equality exists is difficult to attain, the claim that a just society must be an equal one is a rational assertion and societies must struggle to create equality in every aspect of the lives of individuals…
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Equality in Just Society
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"Equality in Just Society"

Download file to see previous pages Apart from that, a plethora of definitions for the terms 'just' and 'equal' also replete the world of politics and literature. Thus, a logical, prudent and justifiable definition must be put forward.
As I assert that a just society can achieve equality of treatment to its citizens as long as the concept of 'equal' is well defined and is founded on freedom and respect of the rights of individuals, I contend that the definition should not be a utopian contention nor founded on Marxist doctrines, sometimes referred to as 'simple equality', which calls for absolute economic parity where similar material quantity of goods and services are provided to each individual. This notion of equality has been considered untenable as it borders on absolute or complete notion of equality considered by many scholars as self-contradictory (Tugendhat and Wolf, 1983 ). The initial objective of this paper is to offer an easily comprehensible definition of equality amidst pervasive false impressions about its connotation as a political idea. This definition requires that it be differentiated from the term 'similarity' which means identical. For instance to state that human beings are equal does not mean they are identical. Equality to a certain extent entails similarity but not 'sameness'. This sameness exists between a cluster of dissimilar matter, people, processes or circumstances, which demonstrate identical qualities in at least one respect, but not in all aspects. This is a reference to similarities with regards one specific feature where distinctions exist in other features ((Dann 1975). Furthermore, development in the fields of biology and genetics only strengthened the view that no two persons are absolute equals.
To provide a more concrete example, many governments and societies all over the world who adhere to the democratic system, strive to create laws and government structures for its citizens to achieve equality under the law. This idea of equality before the law has been affirmed over the centuries as a significant characteristic of a democratic government's justice system (Thomson 1949.) Stringent equality is required in the legal area of universal freedoms and there should be no moral justifications for any exceptions. All individuals in a society must have equal rights and duties. These rights and duties should be founded on a general law, which applies to everyone without exception - whether these individuals have diverse social status. This is called the 'postulate of legal equality'. Moreover, the theory of equal freedom is equally applicable: each individual ought to have the equivalent autonomy to manage his life, and this he should do in the broadest method probable in a peaceful and suitable social system.
The same is true in the area of politics. The opportunities for political involvement should be equally distributed and all individuals should be given similar opportunity to participate in shaping public opinion so as in the allocation, management, and implementation of political control or influence. This is the assumption which requires equal opportunity or equal political power sharing. To guarantee equal prospects, social organizations have to be devised in such a way that people who are ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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