Although many contend that a just society in which absolute equality exists is difficult to attain, the claim that a just society must be an equal one is a rational assertion and societies must struggle to create equality in every aspect of the lives of individuals…
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Apart from that, a plethora of definitions for the terms 'just' and 'equal' also replete the world of politics and literature. Thus, a logical, prudent and justifiable definition must be put forward.
As I assert that a just society can achieve equality of treatment to its citizens as long as the concept of 'equal' is well defined and is founded on freedom and respect of the rights of individuals, I contend that the definition should not be a utopian contention nor founded on Marxist doctrines, sometimes referred to as 'simple equality', which calls for absolute economic parity where similar material quantity of goods and services are provided to each individual. This notion of equality has been considered untenable as it borders on absolute or complete notion of equality considered by many scholars as self-contradictory (Tugendhat and Wolf, 1983 ). The initial objective of this paper is to offer an easily comprehensible definition of equality amidst pervasive false impressions about its connotation as a political idea. This definition requires that it be differentiated from the term 'similarity' which means identical. For instance to state that human beings are equal does not mean they are identical. Equality to a certain extent entails similarity but not 'sameness'. This sameness exists between a cluster of dissimilar matter, people, processes or circumstances, which demonstrate identical qualities in at least one respect, but not in all aspects. This is a reference to similarities with regards one specific feature where distinctions exist in other features ((Dann 1975). Furthermore, development in the fields of biology and genetics only strengthened the view that no two persons are absolute equals.
To provide a more concrete example, many governments and societies all over the world who adhere to the democratic system, strive to create laws and government structures for its citizens to achieve equality under the law. This idea of equality before the law has been affirmed over the centuries as a significant characteristic of a democratic government's justice system (Thomson 1949.) Stringent equality is required in the legal area of universal freedoms and there should be no moral justifications for any exceptions. All individuals in a society must have equal rights and duties. These rights and duties should be founded on a general law, which applies to everyone without exception - whether these individuals have diverse social status. This is called the 'postulate of legal equality'. Moreover, the theory of equal freedom is equally applicable: each individual ought to have the equivalent autonomy to manage his life, and this he should do in the broadest method probable in a peaceful and suitable social system.
The same is true in the area of politics. The opportunities for political involvement should be equally distributed and all individuals should be given similar opportunity to participate in shaping public opinion so as in the allocation, management, and implementation of political control or influence. This is the assumption which requires equal opportunity or equal political power sharing. To guarantee equal prospects, social organizations have to be devised in such a way that people who are
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Biased economic growth has been a common phenomenon in most parts of the world with certain areas, regarded as growth poles, being more developed as others undergo negative economic growth. The term economic or wealth equality espouses among various things, equal distribution of assets, and income levels among individuals or groups of people.
This paper intends to discuss the concept of a just society as presented by Socrates and Plato. First of all, an introduction has been given as to what a just society actually is. After that, Socrates’ and Plato’s ideas of a just society are discussed in detail following which there is an account of whether Plato’s ideas still go well with today’s democracies.
Both as a function of the way in which society engages with these principles, and as a function of the way in which governance delineates and constricts these rights and privileges, the underlying representation and core meaning that these engage is oftentimes confused and/or misunderstood.
Plato viewed that some had a better capacity for reason than others, and thus, the more rational individuals ought to be at the top of the social hierarchy because they were 'best suited' for it. By contrast, Rawls viewed inequality not as a biologically determined variable, but as one that was the product of unequal distribution.
Indeed to be sure, the term is ambiguous not only in meaning but also in application the world over; not even in organizations believed to be the firmest, passionate advocates. By modern standards, equality from a personal perspective refers to the socially recognized entitlements granted to all [man or woman] uniformly without the element of discrimination based on any form of social partitioning.
The author states that while diversity has been an important need for business as well as a legal requirement, the cultural perspectives on diversity and equality still remain to be fully understood. Companies in the UK may have HR managers that seek to develop both diversity and equality to gain competitive advantages for the organisation.
Other definition has compared equality with the uniformity of the surface. While more definitions have defined equality in the mathematical terms of being equal to (=), yet others have defined it as the term of likeness in the quantitative or qualitative
The justice system in the society has been described using variable strategies as compared to the result generated to the individual affected. The justice concept may be determined with the failure of obtaining certain values and condition within
Jefferson, the third American president, was a philosopher and statesman whose politics and intellect had an immense influence on the entity known as the United States of America and what she stands for till date. Similarly, Alexis de Tocqueville was a French thinker and historian whose ideas have influenced many over the years.
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