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Social Problems Perspective vs. Social Responsibility Perspective - Essay Example

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This research aims to evaluate and present the social viewpoints of criminality - the social responsibility perspective and the social problems perspective have been over-viewed, each perspectives strengths and limitations have been highlighted. …
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Social Problems Perspective vs. Social Responsibility Perspective
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Social Problems Perspective vs. Social Responsibility Perspective

Download file to see previous pages... In addition the classical school maintains that every individual is a 'hedonist' - he or she prefers pleasure to pain, therefore the best way to combat crime is through punishment. The greater the pain caused by the punishment the better. Although the principles of this point of view appear barbaric, this was the generally accepted perspective of crime before the 19th century. The Spanish Inquisition is an apt example of the social responsibility perspective in action. Masked man inflicted terrible torture on helpless men who had broken the law in any way; the most well-known of these horrors is perhaps torture on 'the rack'.
Crime has always been the easier way to earn money. The only deterrent to adopting a criminal lifestyle is the penalties which have been imposed on crime by society. A person who is willing to run the risk of punishment becomes a criminal. In doing so he or she turns his back to his social responsibilities. All individuals are products of a society; they are brought-up not just by their immediate family but by the society as a whole. This up-bringing or socialization, to be accurate, is a debt an individual owes to society. It is his duty to repay that debt by becoming a part of the society and helping it carry on the cycle of socialization. When a person becomes a criminal he betrays the trust society placed in him.

Impact of Religion
Religion is an extremely important part of the socialization process and, hence plays a vital role in the formation of social perspectives of criminality. As mentioned through the example of Kane and Abel, religion supports the social responsibility perspective. Basically all religions are a penal code. This penal code includes do's and don'ts and...
The intention of this study is crime as any action which is against the laws accepted by general society. This definition, however, is deceptively simple, as we can see when we consider what is defined as crime in one society may not be regarded as crime by another. Social perspectives of crime will also vary as the definition of crime varies. The social responsibility perspective is based on criminology's classical school of thought. This school of thought began around 1850; one of its prominent patrons was Jeremy Bentham. This school of thought is based on the principle that individuals always have a free will. In addition the classical school maintains that every individual is a 'hedonist' - he or she prefers pleasure to pain, therefore the best way to combat crime is through punishment. The greater the pain caused by the punishment the better. Although the principles of this point of view appear barbaric, this was the generally accepted perspective of crime before the 19th century. The Spanish Inquisition is an apt example of the social responsibility perspective in action. Masked man inflicted terrible torture on helpless men who had broken the law in any way; the most well-known of these horrors is perhaps torture on 'the rack'. The social problems perspective identifies the root of criminality as the social problems which plague our communities. Although this point of view of the causes of criminality was once laughed at, it has now become widely accepted by criminologists all over the world. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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