Nobody downloaded yet

Infants Social Relationships - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
dependency it receives from a primary caregiver. A baby's attachment to its surroundings upholds an influence not only on his social development but also upon baby's present and future moral and cognitive growth and development. (Peterson, 2002, p5.54) This development has a positive influence on the upbringing of an infant, which in the long run becomes a part of his personality…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.9% of users find it useful
Infants Social Relationships
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Infants Social Relationships"

Download file to see previous pages The first few months of life are important to an infant as his personality depends upon the influence of relationships. These influences are responsible for constructing a positive sense of 'attachment' in an infant. Early in the first quarter, however, the infant is unable to distinguish among individuals, and so the earliest expectations operate as generalised expectations of people. Though a parent may become attached to an infant almost as soon as the baby is born, it takes several months for the infant to feel and become securely attached, thereby identifying the parent or primary caretaker. As the infants are sociable from the moment of birth, they prefer human companionship to contact with inanimate objects, it seems that they love their parents instantly. However, until they reach 3-5 months of age, baby's sociability and attraction to people is largely indiscriminate. (Peterson, 2001, p5.22) This is evident from the scenario when a person holds a baby of 2-3 months old. It is very unusual if a baby do not cry while being in a person's custody he is unaware of. Very young infants happily accept comfort from almost anyone who holds, feeds or soothes them. The first social sign of attachment is the time they begin to smile, i.e., 6-8 weeks. By about this age infants also begin to show negative reactions to being separated from people they do not know.
Bowlby (1969) described four phases in the development of infant-parent attachments, which depicts the start of a positive relationship: the newborn phase of indiscriminate social responsiveness (months 1 to 2), the phase of discriminating sociability (2 to 7 months), "maintenance of proximity to a discriminated figure by means of locomotion as well as signals" (month 7 through the second year), and finally the phase of goal-corrected partnership (year 3 on). (Bornstein et al, 2002, p. 16)
During the first 2 months of life, human infants have some difficulty organising states of arousal and behaviour (Berg & Berg, 1979). The infant in this phase is going through various physical and mental changes, which are unpredictable; neonates appear to shift with remarkable facility from the heightened arousal manifest in the distress state to the low arousal of sleep. Only around 8-10 weeks of age, the baby's various neural components of specific states become intercoordinated psychologically. Simultaneously, state transitions become more predictable and less labile and, from this point on, longer periods of continuous time are spent in various discrete states (Lamb & Sherrod, 1981, p. 156)
By the second quarter-year of life (3 or 4 months of age), the first sign of sociability begin to emerge, as the infant starts differentiating among individuals in a systematic manner. The baby starts showing special regard for a few key people. Smiling is limited to familiar faces than to strange ones. (Peterson, 2001, p5.22) This indicates the infant is responding ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Infants Social Relationships Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
Infants Social Relationships Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1501940-infants-social-relationships
(Infants Social Relationships Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
Infants Social Relationships Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1501940-infants-social-relationships.
“Infants Social Relationships Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1501940-infants-social-relationships.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Infants Social Relationships

Relationships

...Research Paper There are so many terms that are used to describe the relationship where one partner is domineered bythe other. Domestic abuse is very common in so many homes. The homes report the various forms that domestic abuse manifests itself. The four broad categories include physical, emotional, sexual and financial abuse. They all work hand in hand at destroying the psychology of the person being abused. There are very many factors that have contributed to the growth of domestic abuse all over the world. They include stressful situations, substance abuse and many psychological disturbances experienced by the abuser. What is clear is that domestic abuse affects both male and females in any union (Dutton, p 12). For...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Social Interaction and Relationships

...? Social Interaction and Relationships: A Closer Analysis on Child Abuse The essay aims to proffer issuespertinent to social interaction focusing on child abuse, as one type of relationship between a child and his or her parents, as studied through the eyes of a social psychologist. The discourse would likewise, focus on addressing the following concerns, to wit: (1) a determination and explanation of how have social scientists studied this particular behavior in the past, through provision of some examples; (2) an identification and justification of the rationale of how accurate the conclusions are reached; (3) a discussion of how any...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Relationships

...?Topic:  Relationships Emoional Hardship of Tita and Celie Tita is a female who is very emotional, sensitive, and lovable, who yearned for her lover all her life. She was in love with her neighbor, Pedro in her younger age and longed to be with him all her life. Pedro asked Tita’s hand in marriage but was denied by her mother and instead her mother demanded Tita’s support till her death. Eventually Pedro married Tita’s elder sister which came as a major shock for Tita. She hence was encountered with deep pain and agony .She becomes a victim of negligence and torture from her mother, who hardly understood her desires and feeling as a young lady.Tita’s from then on released all her emotion with cooking which was her...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Drug-Exposed Infants

...?Running Head: Sociology Drug-Exposed Infants Research Paper Introduction Drugs are one of themajor environmental factors identified to contribute to biological or physiological deformities in infants. It has been discovered by some researchers, such as Streissguth and colleagues (1980), that exposure to drugs or other substances during the early stages of pregnancy could affect the fetus’s biological development. Nevertheless, studies have not yet been successful in conclusively describing these biological risk factors. One of the major explanations for this uncertainty about the specific impacts of drugs on prenatal and perinatal growth is the fact that these impacts are variable (Lewis & Bendersky,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

Relationships: Work vs. Social

... at work but they can also have a social one as well but this relationship should have boundaries because it is never a good idea for coworkers to have too personal a relationship. Furthermore, before any effective working relationships can be established, it is best for coworkers to understand each other first because everybody has their own nature and character without whose understanding there would be problems. Lewis (2000) states that workplace relationships should be a mutual thing between the people involved in it so that coworkers are able to help and build each other in matters concerning their work. It is also important for coworkers to acknowledge the role which their relationship plays in contributing to their success... ...
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper

Personal and Social Relationships

.... References Brody, C. M., & Wallace, J. (1994). Ethical and social issues in professional education. Albany: State University of New York Press. International Association for Relationship Research. (1984). Journal of social and personalrelationships. London: Sage Publications. International Center for Interpersonal Relationship Research. (2007). Interpersona: An international journal of personal relationships. Vitória, Brazil: International Center for Interpersonal Relationship Research. In Smelser, N. J., & In Smelser, W. T. (1963). Personality and social systems. New York: Wiley. Journal of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper

Sudden Infants Death Syndrome

...boys than girls fall victim to SIDS." (Kids Health, n.p.) In general, research, to date, has been able to eliminate factors which are not responsible for SIDS, but no causal effect has yet to be identified. Through various studies it has been shown that the following are NOT causes of SIDS: lack of love; suffocation, vomiting or choking; heredity; immunizations, vitamin deficiencies or hormone imbalances; allergies or infections; from exposure to another infant who died of SIDS, implying SIDS is not contagious; and SIDS is not case specific to any one economic or social level. (Nauman, n.p.) This complex syndrome will require much case specific research to isolate the cause(s). Understanding the...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Drug Exposed Infants

...Drug Exposed Infants Define the problem outlined in the article. This article discusses the fact that there is an increase inillicit drug use by mothers of child bearing age. The mothers are abusing drugs while the child is in utero. This article acknowledges the use of alcohol as well but discusses drug use only. A separate article exists discussing alcohol use. The use of illicit drugs is not relegated to a specific race or socioeconomic class. As a result of this illicit drug use, more babies are leaving hospitals after birth with an increased chance of harm via exposure to sickness, their own drug withdrawal, and the abuse or neglect of their mothers. Mothers should be prevented, through education, from using...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Infants Social Relationships

... Infants Social Relationships Introduction A baby experiences positive relationship in the form of bonds of affection, trust and dependency it receives from a primary caregiver. A baby’s attachment to its surroundings upholds an influence not only on his social development but also upon baby’s present and future moral and cognitive growth and development. (Peterson, 2002, p5.54) This development has a positive influence on the upbringing of an infant, which in the long run becomes a part of his personality. It is through the influence of initial two years, that the baby live as a confident and bold personality through the rest of his...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Nutrition for Infants for Preventing Future Disease

...Word count 387 Nutrition for INFANTS Order 537857 d 17th May How important is nutrition for INFANTS in preventing future disease? Nutrition means the ingestion, digestion and assimilation of food materials and INFANTS i.e. new born bay from 1 to 12 months age require highly balanced nutrition for meeting their metabolic activities. Balanced nutrition provides all the major essential nutrients that are required for basic metabolism which in turn provides natural resistance power to diseases. INFANTS generally multiply their weight by atleast 3 times the birth weight during the first year out of which maximum growth rate is found in initial four months after birth. Hence,...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Infants Social Relationships for FREE!

Contact Us