The article Gay or Lesbian Parent's Influence on Child Development first gives a brief introduction with some statistics issued by NAIC followed by consequences and psychoanalysis of the subject. Then the article deals at length about various consequences and psychological ideas from various writers in different books followed by references.
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Patterson, University of Virginia, American Psychological Association, 2005)
"In 1976, there were an estimated 300,000 to 500,000 gay and lesbian biological parents; as of 1990, an estimated 6 to 14 million children have a gay or lesbian parent. And, between 8 and 10 million children are being raised in gay and lesbian households. The US Department of Health and Human Services, Adoption and Foster Care Analysis Reporting System (AFCARS), estimated in 1999 there were approximately 547,000 children in foster care in the United States, of which 117,000 are legally free and therefore eligible for adoption. But, in 1997, there were qualified adoptive families (including single parents) available for only twenty percent of these children. It is also estimated that approximately ten percent of the U.S. population-or 25 million individuals-are homosexual."(NAIC - National Adoption Information Clearinghouse, April 2000).
But the social workers have their own reservations; they may contemplate about the raising of these children The child's thinking; about his/her own self, and their parents, when they compare themselves with children of heterosexual parentage, Will they be embarrassed because they have two mothers or two fathers, or because their single mother dates women or their unmarried father has a boyfriend Will their friends tease them Will they also be homosexual like their parents as compared to children raised by heterosexual parents Lastly what effect will it have on the adulthood of a child raised by homosexual parents relative to heterosexual parents (NAIC - National Adoption Information Clearinghouse, April 2000).
In the same article by NAIC "Courts have expressed concern that children raised by gay and lesbian parents may have difficulties with their personal and psychological development, self-esteem, and social and peer relationships. Because of this concern, researchers have focused on children's development in gay and lesbian families. Thus the studies conclude that children of gay or lesbian parents are no different than their counterparts raised by heterosexual parents. In "Children of Lesbian and Gay Parents," a 1992 article in Child Development, Charlotte Patterson states, "Despite dire predictions about children based on well-known theories of psychosocial development, and despite the accumulation of a substantial body of research investigating these issues, not a single study has found children of gay or lesbian parents to be disadvantaged in any significant respect relative to children of heterosexual parents." (NAIC - National Adoption Information Clearinghouse, April 2000).
An event that occurs in the life of one family member affects others in the family as well. Study of the parent-child relationship reminds us of the intimate interconnections between the lives of parents and adult children, throughout the entire duration of their relationship. They are consociates, with contingent life career. Children count on a period of strength - almost invulnerability - in their parents up to old age, whereas parents
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This paper outlines aspects of same sex parenting. Most people feel that same sex parenting have negative effects on children. This is an idea that the paper explains extensively. There are independent subtopics that help to bring an outline of these ideas clearly. The paper provides a close view over the gay and lesbian parenting in comparison with heterosexual parenting.
According to the Catechism (cited in Catholic Answers, 2004), “marriage between same sexes is contrary to the natural law as it closes the sexual act to the gift of life. It proceeds by saying that gay marriages “do not proceed from a genuine affective and sexual complementarities.
However, the debate to legalize gay marriage has been going on for a long time, especially in the UK, but not without severe opposition thus making it difficult to reach a compromise. Despite this, it is notable that the country has made tremendous steps towards promoting equality by allowing gay couples to enter into civil partnerships and allowing them to adopt children.
Still, lesbian and gay parenting is a controversial issue in the mainstream society because the same is generally considered as against the wellbeing of family, which is a social institution. The general opinion on lesbian and gay parenting is negative because the society is not yet ready to accept the fact that the sexual identity of lesbian and gay parents does not exert pressure upon the overall development of their children.
The latter camp argues that the children of same-sex parents invariably experience normal and healthy psychological development, while the former camp argues the exact opposite (Stacey and Biblarz, 2001). Concurring with the aforementioned, Ahmann (1999) asserts that the emotionality which invariably accompanies the debate over same-sex parenting tends to obscure the reality of the situation.
While here in the U.K. gay marriage has recently been accepted, it is still a matter of great debate throughout the world, and most especially in the United States. Why is this issue of such great debate While many issues focus on social ideas and normative behavior, there are few that so closely look at human behavior, and how social hierarchies and beliefs impinge upon natural human actions.
There have been several doubts raised regarding the rearing of children by such parents and their subsequent overall development. The article provides a reflection on the legal and psychological issues concerning child care by gay and lesbian
The trend is, however, changing as there are new prospects for gays and lesbians that are promising. Despite such changes and progress, the group must still cope with cultures that are often hostile (Berk, 2007). There is a stigma that still revolves the
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