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Inequalities in health are increasing in the 21st century. Discuss, illustrate and evaluate this statement - Essay Example

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Inequalities in healthcare [Course Supervisor] Inequalities in healthcare Introduction Health inequality can be thought of as the difference that exists between different ethnic, social and gender groups regarding their health status (WHO, 2013)…
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Inequalities in health are increasing in the 21st century. Discuss, illustrate and evaluate this statement
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Inequalities in health are increasing in the 21st century. Discuss, illustrate and evaluate this statement

Download file to see previous pages... Apart from health faciliation, there are other significant factors too that bring health inequality in different parts of the world. This paper would tend to examine how inequalities in health have increased with the advent of the 21st century, where the factors such as socioeconomic, environmental, social, geographic and demographic which are related to cause health inequality will be discussed and elaborated. The author would try and examine the complete prevailing factors that are responsible for inequalities in health and add to the literature that is present on the subject. The Global Perspective The Black Report According to Black report by Smith (2006), most of the European countries are identified with health inequalities due to the inequality in the education systems of the countries (Bartley, 2012). The report depicted that countries like Norway and France where there were significant educational inequalities in the period 1990s, there were major healthcare inequalities in such countries. In both Norway and France, the less qualified and educated people had higher morbidity rates than those who were educated or counted in high occupation. Similarly, people who were in the white collar jobs had less illness and morbidity than those who were in ordinary work positions in both countries (Smith, 2006). The Black report identified that mortality due to work accidents got common in Europe during the 1990 period. The report identified Wales, Finland, France and Norway as countries where worker’s accidental mortality was common (Fonta, 2011). It was the unskilled labor that mostly received the accidental mortality. People working in the unskilled worker position had four times higher mortality than people working in the senior positions such as managers or corporate heads (Bartley, 2012). Similarly, in countries such as Finland, Wales, England, Japan and France, the morbidity rate of the unskilled worker population was higher than of the skilled worker population. Most of the unskilled workers in such countries were found with chronic diseases such as cardiovascular, cancer, cirrhosis,and cerebrovascular disease (Smith, 2006). The Geographic Factor According to the contemporary literature, geographic inequalities are significant to bring health inequalities in societies. It is because of geographic differences, the people are exposed to different health issues (Scambler, 2012). When environments change, the living patterns change and so as the life styles which eventually brings the differences in the morbidity and mortality rates of the people in general. This is how with geographic discrimination, the differences emerge in the health section of the society (Riva, 2009). The urban life style is much different from the rural life style as described by the contemporary health literature. Empirically, urban population is closer to morbidity than rural population and it is because that urban population is much onto the unhealthy living and unhealthy life style (Lenard & Straehle, 2012). The urban population is excessive in the consumption of drugs, alcohol, and junk food which eventually are not common in the rural population (Lenard & Straehle, 2012). The rural towns are safe from unhealthy living, because they are safe from industrial toxic wastes which cause pollution in the urban part of the world. Although, the rural geographies are not ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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