We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Theoretical Paradigms - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Name: Institution: Theoretical Paradigms Introduction Various scholars advanced different theories describing how society functions. Functionalists such as Talcott Parsons and Emile Durkheim viewed society as a collection of interdependent functions held together by social consensus…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Theoretical Paradigms
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Theoretical Paradigms

Download file to see previous pages... On the other hand, proponents of structuralism (created by Ferdinand de Saussure) best understood society’s functioning through the examination of underlying structures such as language that have observable effects on different aspects of society. For example, members of a society unconsciously follows linguistic rules in their daily usage of language. Finally, conflict theorists viewed society as conflict-oriented and continuously changing. Explored below is the social conflict perspective and its application to the recent crisis in Syria. Social conflict perspective Social conflict theory emphasizes the role of conflict in fostering social change within the society. Unlike functionalism and structuralism, conflict theorists view change as revolutionary or radical and not incremental. Conflict theory is a derivative of Karl Marx’s ideologies, which recognized the dynamic nature of society. According to scholars ascribed to this school of thought, conflicts in society are inevitable and result from competition for the scarce limited resources such as money or land. Competition stratifies the society, whereby, the highest class own majority of the resources leaving less resources for those in the lower classes to divide amongst themselves. Controlling a higher percentage of the scarce resources elevates these individuals to the ruling class, which bestows upon itself the power needed to control different facets of the society such as the political and economic sectors. They institute laws that advance their own personal needs showing little regard for the needs of their subordinates stirring feelings of resentment among them. Inequality between the classes breeds feelings of frustration among those in the lower classes prompting them to resort to actions aimed at achieving social change. Social structures and organizations mirror inequality among the different classes and the competition for scarce resources on a larger scale (Gidden et al, 2009). Scholars from different academic disciplines such as philosophy gave analogies that served to explain the role of conflict in the functioning of society. In his collection of essays titled ‘The Genealogy of Morals’, Nietzsche used the master-slave analogy to explain the relationship between the ruling and subordinate classes. According to the philosopher, three social classes exist; the noble, slaves and priestly class. Driven by their need to advance personal goals, the noble class defines morality by distinguishing between acceptable and unacceptable behaviors for all society members. These distinctions oppress the other two classes soliciting different responses. Those in the slave class lives a resigned life serving the nobles with any attempt to progress thwarted. However, those in the priestly class develop feelings of ressentiment (a reactive feeling to a continuous perceived sense of oppression) towards the noble class triggering a “slave revolt” mentality, which generates conflicts (Nietzsche, 2010). Case study The Syrian crisis began in March 2011 after locals in the southern city of Deraa protested against the arrest of fifteen schoolchildren who were alleged victims of torture inflicted by governmental officials as punishment for writing anti-government graffiti on a wall. In spite of the peaceful protests, the government opted for brute force to quash the protests opening fire on civilians, killing four people. The situation spiraled out of control triggering anti-government ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
The qualitative and quantitative research paradigms and its underlying principles
The study will address the ethical considerations relating to research in tourism. In tourist sectors, there is need for more research to enhance concrete understanding. In the tourism researches the ethical issues which affected the researcher and the subject are very important to realize the best outcome of the research.
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Research Paradigms, Knowledge and Practice
To allow a systematic review and analysis of a particular research, the central discourse demonstrated by the chosen paradigm in the study should be examined critically. As stated by Roberts and Taylor, “… the paradigm of a profession not only concerns the content of the professional knowledge, but also the process by which the knowledge is produced” (Taylor, Kermode, & Roberts, 2006, p.
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay
Research Methods (new research methods and paradigms)
Therefore, the main mission of quantitative research is to ensure validity and reliability of study results (Dingwall et al, 1998). Examples of quantitative methods widely used in the social sciences and business and management research are survey methods, formal methods (e.g.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Psychological Paradigms: Towards a Theory of Human Personality
This essay will argue that, to some extant, such an effort is possible in abstract terms. To this end, this essay will present the most important psychological paradigms as constituent parts which, when taken together, offer a relatively accurate portrait of human personality and behavior in a general context.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Paradigms
Sociologists use three principal theoretical paradigms to come up with perspectives regarding events - the structural-functional paradigm, social-conflict paradigm and symbolic-interactive paradigm. Each of these directs the attention to questions about how society is organized and the explanation as to why certain patterns exist.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Statement of purpose
n international business and globalization issues would come handy to an individual aspirant to contribute in no small measure to the related outcomes of research and study. My college degree in graphic design and advertising has essentially gone a long way in empowering me to
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Economics suffers from a form of the Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle Explain with reference to modelling , theoretical paradigms and empirical testing
The uncertainty principle has it that the velocity/momentum and position cannot be measured both, exactly, simultaneous (actually pairs of energy, position and time). This principle emanates from
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
My nursing theory
Roy inferred that humans are bio-psycho-social beings who are perpetually interacting with the environment (Roy, 1980). She defined the environment as conditions/
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Making a fair decision when bias is held on a subject
The aspect of bias presents itself in a way during decision making processes in which case a person is inclined or holds an . This is factored in a way that the person fails or refuses to consider that there are issues of merit to be considered in the decision making process where alternative views could possibly work out very effectively.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Theoretical Paradigms for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us