Nobody downloaded yet

Summary for Criminal Justice class chapter 14 - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name Instructor Class December 2, 2013 Chapter 14, “The “Search for the ‘Criminal Man’ Revisited” In Chapter 14, the “Search for the ‘Criminal Man’ Revisited, Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Lilly, Cullen, and Ball (2011) discussed biosocial theories…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.9% of users find it useful
Summary for Criminal Justice class chapter 14
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Summary for Criminal Justice class chapter 14"

Download file to see previous pages 351). E.O. Wilson revived interest in biology in 1975 with his book, Sociobiology, which seeks to interpret new findings in the social and behavioral sciences through biology’s framework (Lilly et al. 352). Later on, several scholars were trying to find a way of using biology without being reductionist , while emphasizing the role of neurological studies on the study of the human criminal brain (Lilly et al. 353). When the Human Genome Project was completed in 2005, leading biologists believed that it could provide answers regarding the criminal mind (Lilly et al. 353). Lilly et al. focused on the biosocial approaches of evolutionary psychology, neuroscience, and genetics for Chapter 14. For evolutionary psychology, “cheater theory” asserts that some males develop “alternative reproductive strategies” that compel them to rape women, so that they can propagate their genes (Lilly et al. 355). Cheaters or “cads” also have an attitude of disregarding the law (Lilly et al. 355). The r/K theory, or “differential K theory,” is similar to cheater theory in terms of defining criminality as part of the reproductive needs of men, where the “r strategy” refers to producing as many possible offspring without caring for them, while the “K strategy” pertains to slower reproduction, as long as enough time is provided for the offspring (Lilly et al. 355). ...
356). “Alternative adaptation theory” asserts that some people inherit the propensity to practice antisocial behavior, where several people are more motivated by mating than parenting drives (Lilly et al. 356). “Evolutionary expropriative theory” affirms the assumption of alternative adaptation theory that every person has an equal chance of developing antisocial behavior, while the difference is, some do this through productive strategies, while others do it by using expropriate resources that exploit others (Lilly et al. 356). Lilly et al. assessed that these evolutionary psychology theories are more “biosocial” than biological” because they emphasize the role of the environment in affecting the genetic expression of criminality (356). They agreed that, though evolutionary theories are “tautological,” they are important for the “species” level (Lilly et al. 356). In addition, Darwin was also concerned of the process of “natural selection,” where, although all people might have the propensity to do bad things, they are also learning positive traits that prevent the expression of antisocial behaviors (Lilly et al. 357). The next sets of theories are the neurological and biochemical theories. Biosocial theories acknowledge that learning is important, but learning can occur differently for people because of existing neurological or biochemical differences, and how the environment affects these differences is called “polymorphisms” (Lilly et al. 358). Mednick’s biosocial theory in 1977 asserted that some high-risk individuals have inherited an autonomic nervous system (ANS) that is not quite sensitive to environmental stimuli, and that slow arousal makes it hard for them to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Summary for Criminal Justice class chapter 14 Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Summary for Criminal Justice Class Chapter 14 Essay)
“Summary for Criminal Justice Class Chapter 14 Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Summary for Criminal Justice class chapter 14

Summary for Criminal Justice class chapter 15

...December 4, Chapter 15, “Development of Criminals: Life Theories” In Chapter 15, the “Development of Criminals: Life-Course Theories,” of Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Lilly, Cullen, and Ball (2011) discussed life-course-based theories of criminality. They noted the use of “self-report survey” as a prominent accessible research methodology for adolescents (Lilly et al. 385). Cohort studies that used a longitudinal research design provided evidence that criminal involvement during early adolescence often led to criminal behaviors during late adolescence and early adulthood (Lilly et al. 385). Lilly et...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Introduction to criminal justice system

...merits it3. The Magistrate Court and Crown Court are both courts of first instance and deal with criminal law offences. All criminal offences initially come to the magistrate Court, however the summary offences are dealt with here while offences that are classed as triable are sent up to the crown Court. Offences fall into two primary categories – summary offences where a defendant may not be entitled to a trial by jury and indictable offences which include serious charges such as murder and manslaughter4. Summary offences dealt with at the Magistrate Court include less serious ones such as traffic offences or failure to pay taxes and...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

The Effects of Mind-Altering Drugs on Juvenile Recidivism

...The Effects of Mind Altering Drugs on Juvenile Recidivism Submitted to Honolulu Graduate Faculty of the School of Psychology in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN PSYCHOLOGY by KAREN BUTLER Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin March 5, 2009 Table of Contents March 5, 2009 1 Table of Contents 2 Chapter 1: Introduction 3 Statement of the Problem 7 Background and Significance of the Problem 7 Research Questions 11 Research Hypotheses 11 Definition of Terms 12 Summary and Conclusion 14Chapter 2: Literature Review 15 Specialized Procedures Used in Related Drug and Crime Studies 16 Variables Examined 18 Research Instruments in Drug and Criminality Studies 23 Synthesis 26 Chapter 3... use...
110 Pages(27500 words)Research Paper

Chapter 14

...that the company policies and procedures are under a systematic mode and the organization due to this has higher chances of earning success and profitability. Organization’s level of success is highly important for shareholders as it involves their investments and profits to be gained. References Benefits of ISO 9000. (2012). Retrieved November 14, 2012, from Dawson, Scott. (2012). What is ISO 9000? Retrieved November 14, 2012, from What is Really Required for ISO 9000? (2012). Retrieved November 14, 2012, from...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Chapter summary Criminal Justice class

...Summary of “Chapter 2” Summary of “Chapter 2: The Search for the ‘Criminal Man’” “Chapter 2” explores the early theories of crime,and it covers spiritualism, classical thinking, and positivism. Spiritualism believes that criminals are possessed by evil spirits or demons. This approach, however, produced problems in determining the innocence of the accused. For example, trial by battle is based on the belief that whoever God favored wins and is the innocent one (Lilly, Cullen, & Ball, 2011, p.19). The weakness of this trial is that strong warriors can continue doing criminal deeds, since they tend to win....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Article summary for criminal justice class

...Article Summary The theory of utilitarianism is not being understood or used in its true spirit. Originally, the theory was proposed not to distinguish between utility and pleasure but nowadays, whenever this theory is used, the utility is understood as something that has no connection with pleasure. In the true essence, pleasure and freedom from pain are the ultimate desirables according to the theory of utilitarianism. There is lack of clarity about what constitutes pleasure or happiness and the standards of happiness vary among humans and animals. Despite humans have higher standards of happiness than animals, yet they would not want to become animals to be easily pleased. People knowingly indulge in acts of lower good...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Summary for Criminal Justice class chapter 6

...Summary: Chapter 6 of Criminological Theory Lilly, Cullen, and Ball reviewed two of Travis Hirschi’s theories, social bond theory and self-control theory in “Chapter Six: The Complexity of Control” of the book Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences (2011). They noted that Hirschi’s theories were further expanded by three significant modern control theories: John Hagan’s power-control theory from, control balance theory from John Tittle, and coercion theory, developed by Mark Colvin. Hirschi’s social bond theory asserts that in the absence of social bonds or the presence of weak social bonds, deviance occurs. What made his theory controversial is that he challenged the validity of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Summary for Criminal Justice class chapter 7

...Summary of “Chapter Seven: The Irony of Intervention” In “Chapter Seven: The Irony of Intervention” of Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences, Lilly, Cullen, and Ball (2011) explored the theory of labeling. Labeling theory asserts that state intervention, especially in the form of labeling people as criminals and ex-convicts, only reinforces criminal attitudes and behaviors. It rejects the idea that criminality is inherent to some human beings. Furthermore, labeling theorists use the statistics of imprisoned minorities to describe racial disparity, which government intervention intensifies. Labeling theory underscores that how...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Why do Identity Theft Offenders target middle class women at shopping malls & how can we prevent this from happening regarding the issues of women trafficking. The paper intends to state that IPv4/IPv6 provides assistance to frame solid and customize networking system in the area of IP addressing system, security communication and data transmission for the various users. United Nation Convention through the implementation of IPv4/IPv6 evaluates various protections, controlling and combating measures against trafficking of the middle class women and various criminal offenses and impulses. Chapter 1 Introduction In the contemporary society, identity theft is becoming one of the emerging issues affecting people, especially women of middle class. The identity theft offender target...
11 Pages(2750 words)Research Paper

Term Project - Chapter 14 Summary

... Term Project - Chapter 14 Summary This chapter (chapter 14) “Forging the National Economy 1790-1860” basicallyexplores the industrial revolution of the American economy from the year 1790-1860. The chapter presents crucial events, which surrounded the creation and development of the western economy. Industrial revolution, characterized by advancement in technology for production, such as machineries, ensured increased level of productivity. The Westward Movement There was massive immigration of Americans westwards. The pioneers lived in a sorry state stricken by abject poverty, diseases as well as seclusion. Pioneers led a very harsh life. By 1840, the American population had extended across the Alleghenies (Kennedy and Cohen 288...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Summary for Criminal Justice class chapter 14 for FREE!

Contact Us