We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Does pre-modern globalisation meet the criteria for globalisation - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Does Pre-Modern Globalisation Meet the Criteria for Globalisation? The Start of Globalisation (Pre-Modern Globalisation) Globalisation has been existent for more than one millennium; however, it was only officially recognised in the modern age and so is assumed by many scholars to be of recent origin…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER

Extract of sample
Does pre-modern globalisation meet the criteria for globalisation

Download file to see previous pages... The Arabs also travelled to Europe and Africa, among other lands, to trade and explore. In the late 1400s, Christopher Columbus would journey to the North American continent 200 years after Marco Polo, the Venetian traveler had visited China (Gunn 2003). This shows that travel and trade practices among different communities were common even in ancient civilisations. Moreover, it is only in the 19th and 20th centuries that globalisation which was characterised by Westernisation would begin to take root across the world. The implements that were created in Western nations would propel globalisation by facilitating more trade by enabling the quicker transportation of goods to distant locations. What different perspectives are there on the starting date of globalisation and why do people disagree on when it started? Globalisation is defined in different ways by different scholars. Historians like Petersson and Osterhammel will claim that globalisation can actually be traced to the interactive trade activities of people in ancient Chinese, Greek, and Indian civilisations (Kaiser 2003). Eurocentric historians, on the other hand, define the start of globalisation as the moment when European nations acquired the naval skills to navigate the oceans and travel to different nations and continents (Pieterse 2003). For other scholars, true globalisation can only be said to have started in the mid-nineteenth century, when entire continents were suddenly able to have access to information about what was occurring in nations across the sea as a result of the trans-Atlantic communications cables that were placed on the ocean floor. The mid-nineteenth century also marked the beginning of international social movements like the female suffrage movement. The final group of scholars claim that globalisation only truly began in the 1960's, with the production of the earliest computer systems, commercial flight which allowed people to relocate to other continents in a much shorter time than was previously possible, and due to the invention of modernising communications technologies. For each of these groups, globalisation is defined y their area of specialty. A historian, for example, is well aware that trade between nations is something that was not invented in the 19th century with the discovery of locomotives; but existed even when Alexander the Great lived. A modernist, on the other hand, will define globalisation according to when the most modern technological discoveries were first fashioned in such a way that they improved human transportation. Examples of pre-modern globalisation There are numerous examples of ‘pre-modern’ civilisations that encouraged their citizens to engage in international trade- which is the most obvious quality that is identified with globalisation. India, for example, was a globalised society centuries before the European connotation of the word globalisation was coined. In 322 B.C.E., Asoka (304-232 B.C.E) ruled over the great Empire of Maurya (Versluys 2008). The citizens of Asoka’s empire were free to trade with others, and did so across a vast state. The Mauryan Empire stretched from the Bangladesh to the Himalayas. It also encompassed areas such as modern day Pakistan, and Afghanistan. While Emperor Asoka at first used war to expand his empire, he would later resort to religion to keep it together. Asoka became a Buddhist and even encouraged his ethnically diverse citizens to educate themselves and learn philosophy. Alexander the great ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Globalisation
Implementing effective marketing strategies in the globalization environment reduces risk management issues. Search: Globalisation convergence business market risk. Globalisation reduces revenue risks Globalisation has leveled the playing field, in terms of generating revenues.
12 Pages(3000 words)Coursework
Globalisation
This process facilitates effective circulation of ideas, languages, and cultural ideologies. Nations today tend to liberalise cross-border trade regulations as they realised the significance of increased cross-border trade for international business expansion.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Globalisation
According to Rothenberg (2003), “globalisation is the acceleration and intensification of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations” (pp: 1). Today, with the altering viewpoints, globalisation has emerged as “neologism of the new millennium” (Putko, 2006: 1).
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Globalisation
Products of whatever kind and products that threatened world extinction began to dominate man’s quest for progress and development. That is materialism at its worst, or at its best. Recent authors and commentators assert that globalisation began at the end of the Cold War which was in the period 1989-1991.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Globalisation
Globalization has increased the concerns of several nations as it poses a threat to the initiatives that are taken on the local level and these initiatives are indigenous in nature. Developing countries have already been burdened by the negative side of globalization and they have started protesting against it.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Globalisation
It has been referred to as the homogenization of people’s tastes and demand patterns around the world as communications and information technology, and transportation of people and products has increased across borders. Homogenization of tastes may imply loss of threat to national identity but scholars argue that people being more and more knowledgeable about each other is also a dimension of globalization (Hammond and Grosse, 2003).
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
Globalisation
In essence, globalisation is a powerful real aspect with regard to the new world system, where it signifies one of the most prominent forces that assist in determining the future course of the world. Moreover, globalisation has various dimensions that assist in the process of making the world a single society.
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Globalisation
Globalization was the byword of the 1990s, reflecting the rapid growth of international financial transactions, the integration of developing countries into the world economy, and the information and communications revolution that brought satellite television, the cell phone, and the Internet to remote corners of the world.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Globalisation
Hence we are faced with either a process or a strategy, and they are not the same. Trade, investment, finance and labour are the important elements of world economy. Globalisation is the expansion of these economic activities across
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Globalisation
Globalization also refers to the massive migration of people, changing national identities and cultural belongings (Suarez- Orozco & Qin- Hilliard, 2004) shattering internal and external borders among and between nations. With its multifaceted connotations, globalisation has
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Does pre-modern globalisation meet the criteria for globalisation for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us