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Your’s Name Date Poverty and hunger issues in Nigeria and Ethiopia Introduction: Significant element of economic and social justice is to provide the adequate food to all residents of a country. Nigeria and Ethiopia are two African countries with abundant human and natural resources if properly harnessed can provide access to all of their citizens and export the surplus in the world to other countries…
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Download file to see previous pages Various agencies at local as well as national level are making efforts to eradicate poverty and hunger in the Nigeria and Ethiopia. Ethiopia Ethiopia is one the African country located at the north eastern part of the Africa. Ethiopia is the second largest country of Africa in the context of size about 91 million people after the Nigeria with 150 million people. Growth rate of the population in Ethiopia is 3.6% and shares borders with Kenya in the southern part. Land area of Ethiopia is about 1100,000 square kilometers. Although Ethiopia has abundant natural resources like gold, copper, potash, methane and platinum, but it is still the second poorest country of the world. In a new index of poverty, the 90% population of Ethiopia is below the poverty line due to poor governance, unequal distribution of funds, and corruption for a long time. These issues crippled the economy of Ethiopia and people were forced to die from extreme hunger and poverty. Unpredictable flooding and drought are main dangers for Ethiopian population. Most people in Ethiopia are poor subsistence farmers who rear animals and grow crops to support their families. BBC figured out that more than one million people lost their lives due to food insecurity since the 1980’s famine. Erratic rainfalls and drought cycles created a situation for a country to receive the 700000 metric tons of food. Nigeria Total population of Nigeria was 173.6 million with an area of 923,768 square Kilometers in 2013. More than 80% of people live in rural areas and practice the agriculture as a main source of supporting their families. Nigeria like Ethiopia has abundant natural resources of forest, oil and gas and water resources. In spite of these natural resources and fast increasing population, is the poorest country of the world. USAID reported that over 70% of Nigerian population was living below the poverty line (Ukpong, Ekpebu and Ofem). More than 40% children in Nigeria under the age of 5 years are stunted, and 25% are underweight. Every person in Nigeria has the basic right to food and state is obliged to protect and provide food to all of its citizens. However, this need has been not met by the Nigerian government. More than 65% people cannot access the food required for their activities to perform their daily work based activities. Excessive food price spikes and price volatility influence the major portion of Nigerian population (Celine). High population growth, ability to grow sustainable food sources Food insecurity in Nigeria is also caused by hunger and famine. Other than hunger and famine the food insecurity is also considered as the development of apathy for the local food products. Most of the Nigerians prefer to import the food products as they consider these imported products superior to those products produced locally. Emergence of the oil sector shifted the emphasis of people from agriculture to the extent that people did not focus on the requirements (Jacob). Rapid growth of the population in Ethiopia created the serious problems of urban and rural poverty. Fast population growth complicated the situation and made difficult to eradicate the extreme hunger and poverty in Ethiopia. Population of Ethiopia is expected to be doubled in a period of 30 years (Alene ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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