Nobody downloaded yet

Either one - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Different theories of sociological perspective such as functionalism, conflict theory, interactionalism and feminism offer different perspectives concerning how society is structured and why particular social problems exist. Conflict theory is the negative opposite of functionalism…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91% of users find it useful
Either one
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Either one"

Download file to see previous pages Finally functionalism looks at society in terms of institutions and values which must adapt to their social environment in order to function well. Main Factors (Kent 2000) states that functionalism is the oldest but still the dominant theoretical perspective in Sociology. It marks the application of the scientific method to the objective social world. It applies the Darwinian theory of biology of survival of the fittest to the study of society. In other words, unconsciously certain social values and structure evolve because they are best suited to the survival and growth of the society in the social environment in which it finds itself. Therefore these values and structures will differ from society to society depending on its’ particular environment. For example, a society such as the Taliban which feels culturally threatened by what it perceives as a corrupt West adopts a strict single religion with homogeneous values and rigid social structure. It is a “we” (Taliban) versus “they” (the corrupt West) mentality. In contrast a western democracy such as the United States, more confident in its’ cultural survival, can allow greater freedom of religion and values and more divers social stryctures as long as the rights of fellow citizens are respected. The application of the scientific method means that one can study society objectively through such techniques as surveys and interviews without assigning any value judgment to the findings. Sociologists under functionalism view society as an organism or social system with each component being essential to the functioning of society as a whole. For example, some may argue religion must be considered essential to a society’s survival. However religion plays a very different role in a theocracy such as Iran than in the US. In the former the single religion permitted, Islam, functions as a unifier against the Western World. In contrast in the US the freedom of religion allows any religion or no religion to be practiced as long as the rights of others are not violated. Here the function of this diversity is to encourage different religions to coexist peacefully. Functionalists also argue that society’s survival requires in the long run a state of equilibrium so that there is a consensus regarding values. For example, Americans in general favor differential occupational rewards to encourage people to enter fields that require more education and/or are inherently riskier. However, if the differential becomes too great social unrest can result as the protests of the “99%” suggest Robert Merton developed a strain theory to explain deviant behavior by people unable to comply with the American Dream ideology of making money as a measure of success manifested by conspicuous consumption. For example they could reject the goal and withdraw from mainstream society and become drug addicts or turn to religions in which materialism is rejected, or they could acknowledge the goal and try to acquire wealth by illegal deviant means such as fraud, theft, burglary or drug trafficking. The equilibrium can be maintained by sanctions such as incarceration for extreme dissenters or feedback by those adversely affected to encourage adjustment of norms regarded as too harsh. Functionalism prescribes individual behavior. For example, corporate executives were once expected to make ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Either one Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Either One Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Either One Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Choosing one perspective, either interpretivist or positivist, explain and critically evaluate the impact of adopting this pe

...the relationship between variables. By using quantitative analytical techniques, generalisations can also be made that reflect real life situation. Surveys help researcher to collect data at one point of time. Information about various practices or views can be collected through questionnaires and interviews. To draw inferences from this data regarding the existing relationships, quantitative techniques may be used. The use of surveys help a researcher to study more variables at one time than is typically possible in laboratory or field experiments, whilst data can be collected about real world environments. An important weakness is that it is very difficult to realise insights relating to the causes of...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Compare one of the two indian captivity narratives, of either mary rowlandson or mary jemison with the film the searchers

...31). She felt contented with her life there, and even when she was widowed, she pursued a second marriage within the tribe, even proclaiming to an escaped slave that she is “one of the Indians and she is a Seneca” (Jemison 44). Jemison’s acceptance of her new life and culture denotes an unprejudiced, perceptive, and courageous character that is willing to acculturate into a way of life that is almost contrasting to her own (Derounian-Stodola 118-208). Contrary to this, Rowlandson’s captivity resulted in a different reaction from the woman. Rowlandson mentions in her narrative how she thought before that she would rather die than be captured by Indian-Americans (Rowlandson 70). However, when the tribes arrived in great...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Think of one character from hamlet who makes either a good decision or a bad decision. Identufy that decisiom, tell us how it a

...? Hamlet Decision William Shakespeare’s Hamlet has been recognized as one of the seminal plays in the English language. While there are a complex variety of reasons the play has assumed its place in the canon of Western literature, there are a number thematic currents that many literary critics and theorists have examined. One of the main such questions is that of motivation throughout the play. In these regards, the nature of decision, or indecision, is perhaps the most central concern, with Hamlet’s decision to delay killing Claudius one of the primary elements of the narrative. This essay considers Hamlet’s decision to delay killing Claudius, examines how it affects Hamlet, indicates why Hamlet made that decision, and indicates... that...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

On Either one of the Prison Epistles or one of the Pastoral Epistles and on one of the General Epistles

...from the Bible. Lastly, it discusses one important lesson learned from each letter and the impact of the lesson learned to someone’s life. Epistle means a literary letter which was planned to be published and read by the general public. The Prison Epistles are the letters that can be found in the New Testament of the Holy Bible. One of the Prison Epistles written by Paul during his imprisonment in Rome is the Prison Epistle to the Philippians. According to the New International Version Holy Bible (1984), Paul had been mobbed in Jerusalem, arrested there, and transferred to Caesarea, and finally, when he requested to the Roman imperial court that a decision or judgment to be changed and appealed as a...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Pick one of the approaches of either realism, liberalism, International Society or International Political Economy to show how c

...? Realism and Constructivist Approaches of IR Number: Introduction Alexander Wendt makes a ment to the effect that if the United States and the Soviet Union had decided that they were no longer enemies, the Cold War would have been over. This statement is also true, going by both practical and theoretical dynamics of international relations, diplomacy or global politics. At the same time, judging Wendt’s postulation as worthy of credence is to intimate that realism best and most readily marries with the constructivist approaches of international relations. The veracity of Wendt’s positing will thus be analyzed in the ensuing discussion that is to materialize forthwith. For one, Wendt’s postulation can be seen to be true, given... from human...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Main Objective: is to identify and examine how ONE literary element reinforces ONE key theme in the novel, either effectively or

...?Huxley’s effective use of conflict and control in reinforcing the dangers of technocracy in Brave New World Brave New World is a profound literary work that encompasses themes of philosophical discourse, projection of societies in the future, the impact of technology on human relations, etc. The major theme in the novel, however, is the link between dystopian societies and an underlying technocratic socio-political order. Huxley uses conflict and control in the realms of politics, human relations, culture and technology to showcase all the malefic aspects of a technocracy. This essay will flesh out this thesis in detail. One of the constant undercurrents in Brave New World is the dehumanizing effects of technological...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

There are 2 Either one

... Module Universal Declaration of Human Rights Hitherto, the human rights were not well stipulated in the constitution. As such, many people did not have the information on their constitutional rights. This led to infringement of the rights of many Americans, as they were not protected under the law. However, the universal declaration of human rights was one of the most fundamental aspects greatly appreciated by the citizens. This was a clear explanation of their rights, and how they will be protected (General Assembly of the United Nations 2). In essence, this was a declaration that the government was indeed securing the people in the nation. Therefore, the people would need not to worry about their security and living. To begin... of the...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

An analysis of EITHER your own country OR one of the following: USA, UK, Germany, France, Japan, China

.../tarifas.asp (accessed April 19, 2008). CCPSD, 2006, Tratado de Libre Comercio entre Centro Am'rica y Rep'blica Dominicana, (online), C'mara de Comercio y Producci'n de Santo Domingo (CCPSD), available from (accessed April 19, 2008). CCPSD, 2006, Tratado COTONOU (Partnership Agreement Between the Members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States of the One Part, and the European Community and Its Member States, of the Other Part), (online), C'mara de Comercio y Producci'n de Santo Domingo (CCPSD), available from (accessed April 19, 2008). CCPSD, 2006, Tratado Comercial Entre la Rep'blica Dominicana y la...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

One Item of Either Hindu or Buddhist Teaching that is Most in Conflict with your Own Convictions

This way, after the soul has experienced many lives that affect the next ones in series which the soul eventually proceeds to manage with higher wisdom, the ultimate state of perfection is then achieved. On the other hand the Bible, or the Holy Scriptures, affirms that each man is identified with a single soul which does not take any other form, but belongs to the same man alone even after death or the Day of Judgment in which his soul is assessed with respect to this mans account of living, whether good or bad. Instead of karma, by Christian faith, I believe that human efforts of striving to be good would be futile without the grace of God. Because of the Creators love of His creation, every human being is permitted to act accord...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Taking one concept from those studied in the second half of the module stardom and with reference to at least two suitable pieces of academic reading, show how the concept enhances our understanding of either one film or TV programme or a group of films o

...of Angelina Jolie, who is a controversial actress in the Hollywood. In 1999, Jolie won an Oscar after performing in the Girl, Interrupted. At this time, the audience saw her as a menacing and beautiful female film star of the century. In 2002, she got married to Thornton, a man who was 20 years older than her and at this time her sex life seemed weird. Jolie further invested in helping the refugees while they were making the film, Lara Croft: Tomb Raider in Cambodia. She also adopted a one-year-old from Cambodia. As a result, she was appointed to become a highly ranked UN ambassador in the same year. Her mixed sexuality and humanitarianism contributed her rise to superstardom. It is evident that Jolie had several images...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Either one for FREE!

Contact Us