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Race and Ethnicity - Essay Example

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Name: Course: Tutor: Date: Chapter 3 – Race & Ethnicity a. What do you understand race and ethnicity to be? I believe that race is just a modern idea, as one can substantially embark on the scientific concepts that will help us understand the differences of the human species when it comes to the color of our skin, eye, hair, and down to our physical structure (PBS.org)…
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Race and Ethnicity
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Download file to see previous pages Ethnicity on the other hand, might remain a favorable approach in order to define individual groups not based on physical characteristics, but more of the identification of attitudes, values, beliefs, and anything that will lead to the emancipation of social hope, instead of the annihilation of some human groups that might quite simply be the ultimate upshot of the human standards of grouping people. This at some point has become the fundamental basis of racism and other relevant acts. b. What do you understand prejudice, discrimination and stereotyping to be? Define and give examples. The extermination of Native Americans, exclusion of Asian immigrants, taking of Mexican lands are just some examples of institutionalized racial practices in the government, laws and society (PBS.org). These practices clearly manifest any form of prejudice, discrimination and stereotyping, at some point or at certain level. Therefore, it is evident that prejudice, discrimination and stereotyping have their basic foundation in racial practices, as ways to oppress and deny the basic rights of those inferior ones. For instance, the eugenics programs may literally have focused on criminals and mentally ill people (CNN). This sounds good to hear, but the entire application of eugenics may be a sole function of prejudice, discrimination or stereotyping, as long as it literally would want to separate individuals or group of people and label them. When we have to look deeper the emancipation of eugenics we can say that it is not just confined in its superficial function. It is even extended to healthy, but poor, uneducated women and children to undergo sterilization procedure apart from their will (CNN). In other words, I believe that at a certain degree, there is no remarkable difference when it comes to the existence of prejudice, discrimination and stereotyping, but what they have in common is the most essential point. I strongly believe that they are all results of the social problem linked to racism. c. What are the causes, consequences, and solutions to the social problem of racism (from a functional, conflict, and interactionism perspective)? Based on functional perspective, the inappropriate use of symbols may lead to the social problem of racism, because the face-to-face interaction may provide an essential foundation to stereotype, create bias and prejudice, which eventually are probable consequences of any relevant racial movements. The ultimate solution is therefore to create a more universal symbol that everyone, in as much as possible could relate. On the other hand, from the point of view of functionalism, the inappropriate relationship that exists within the society may be the potential cause of racism, leading to a maladaptive society. This can only be prevented if each aspect of the society should be functional, which means there is a strong motivation to adapt, without even any hint of superiority or inferiority complex. Finally, from the stand point of conflict theory, racism may be the result of the actual competition in the scarce resources, which ultimately has become the reason of social Darwinism, survival of the fittest and eventually rationalizations of inequality (Kevles). These are all potential grounds of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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