We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Durkheim-Economic inequality in American society - Essay Example

Comments (0)
Name Professor Module Date Durkheim-Economic Inequality in the American Society INTRODUCTION Emile Durkheim’s theory of social function seeks to portray the society as being arranged by layers that have different structures. According to Durkheim, each of these social structures has practical uses…
Download full paper
Durkheim-Economic inequality in American society
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Durkheim-Economic inequality in American society

Download file to see previous pages... Even though there are many international organizations that seek to control economic inequality, there are still varying level of social inequality in all nations around the world. DURKHEIM’S THEORY Sociologists often refer to stratification as the process through which social inequalities are based on a hierarchy of different groups. Such hierarchies bring about unequal financial rewards in a society, as well as biased power structures. Ascribed status is descriptive of a situation where elevated social positions are accorded to people without any consideration about their characteristics. For instance, being male or female is an ascribed status. In contrast, an achieved status can only be attained by an individual through individual effort. In his views of societal structures, Emile Durkheim espoused the positivist tradition in that his examination of society was scientific and dispassionate. According to Durkheim’s functionalist theory, economic inequality actually has different functions in modern society. The functionalist scholars Davis and Moore stated that the existence of different levels of expertise, ability, and knowledge are actually beneficial. This is because the resulting unequal financial reward system contributes towards ensuring that the people chosen to fulfill different responsibilities are the ones that are most qualified. According to functionalism, this system also stimulates people to desire to realize even greater academic achievements- which, in the end, benefits the entire society. If medical surgeons were not the recipients of big salaries, for instance, they would not be adequately inspired to forgo social activities for years of seemingly endless medical training and subsequent long hours in hospitals. Durkheim’s functionalist view of inequality in terms of financial wealth contributes some positive factors to any society. Even though the underprivileged classes in most societies are viewed negatively, functionalism suggests that having a group of low-paid employees means that there will always be a workforce that is ready and able to carry out tasks that the other classes in society refuse to do. The institution of poverty also ensures that there is employment for others in all offices that have to do with welfare. The poor class, which is mostly made up of women and minorities, also consumes inferior products like old and used vehicles, as well as dilapidated homes. Functionalism would also seek to state that unequal pay also benefits the larger society by ensuring that talented and skilled workers are discouraged from pursuing mundane jobs. Their seeking of more well-paying jobs ensures that there is increased efficiency and productivity within the society. A social functionalist will perceive the economic discrimination experienced by minorities as an unavoidable result of a society that trains people to make a distinction between wealthy or middle class people and the poor. Prejudice naturally results in discrimination, and if this becomes evident, a functioning society will seek to encourage social cohesion by encouraging debates on the issue or by employing institutionalized reform to address the issue in a way that highlights the greater good. For instance, in the sixties, when social revolt was inspired by the civil rights movement, a type of social cohesion was born out of the chaos by individuals who sought to use the society’s angst in positive ways. Figures on Income Disparity. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Inequality in society
Inequality is either acquired in the course of one’s life or one is born already unequal to others (Brumfitt 46). When Neiman offers his insight on the course of life, he generally states that life offers opportunities to every one and it is up to the individuals to claim their share of what life offers.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Equality and inequality in the American society in 1830s -1840s
Reformers (either working through reform bodies or as individuals), therefore had a task to bring reform and equality in the society. However, their efforts bored no immediate fruit as the inequality in the American society accelerated between 1830s and 1840s.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Economic inequality in Canada
Economic inequality in Canada. Economic inequality, defined in terms of individual or household incomes, refers to difference in levels of resource accumulation among the subjects and is a social issue that is significant in Canada. This paper reviews trend in economic inequality in Canada, causes and impacts of the realized level of inequality, and possible solution to the social problem.
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Marxist and Funtionalist Perspectives on Inequality of Educational Achievement Due to Social Class
According to the report the democratic socialist countries would be expected to have achieved greater educational equality among citizens of distinct class backgrounds. It was found that the SU has not achieved educational equality to a noticeable extent, based on its characterization as a state capitalist country, deeply divided by class distinctions.
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Religion and Society
In Middle East three religious processes have grown together. Two things are seen in Middle East:1.Growth of fundamentalism that has received worldwide attention both by the international establishments and journalists. 2. Bureaucratization of religion and the state co-optation of religion
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Economic Inequality
(Sen, 1992) This may be demonstration in the form of the equation below: Income inequality and economic growth are related in developing countries. This is owing to the fact that disproportionate income distribution leads to retarded economic growth in countries that are not fully developed.
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
African American Philosophy
While scientific methods as well as political and economic phenomena may also be ap0plied towards the explanation of social phenomena, research apply subjectivity in understanding social phenomena. Social theory explains the changes
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Economic inequality
Economic inequality is the unequal distribution of income resources within a certain social group or a country. Some places have many economic assets while others have very limited economic assets. According to Nozick, inequality does not necessarily equate to injustice because everyone has to use his /her potential to become economically stable.
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Inequality and Society
Basically, for as long as the productive resources in the society are controlled by a few, inequality will continue to exist. This is a fascinating
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Social and Economic Inequality
Social and Economic Inequality: two words that describe the social status of a person. In our society, a person earning more is placed in an upper class whereas those earning less are to be placed in an inferior class of the society. Income inequality has always been a topic of focus for political scientists, sociologists, economist.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Let us find you another Essay on topic Durkheim-Economic inequality in American society for FREE!
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us