From the 1990s there has been a heightened migration of people into and within the European Union due to some reasons. This essay examines the reasons for increased migration within and into the European Union since the 1990s…
Download file to see previous pages...
Migration into the European Union peaked in the early 1990s when people started moving within the EU zone states in search of employment and other reasons (Jordan, 2006). Earlier, after the Second World War, European Union enjoyed a dramatic economic growth, and this made most nations in the European Union zone to receive high populations of immigrants from other EU countries (Economist, 2009). Moreover, migration within the European Union was highly encouraged by the Schengen agreement of the 1985 (Mardell, 2006; Salt, 2007). The agreement allowed free movement and travel of people within Europe by citizens of its member states, and it made it possible for citizens of the European member states together with their families to live and work anywhere in addition to the rights granted by the EU citizenship. However, citizens of non-EU states or non-EEA states can not enjoy the freedom and rights of free movement unless they apply for EU long term residence permit nor are family members of EU citizens (Mardell, 2006; Economist, 2009). Therefore, if a member has a valid residence permit of Schengen state, he or she is allowed unlimited rights to travel within the Schengen areas for three months but only for tourist reasons. This window has encouraged many immigrants and emigrants within European Union and especially within the Schengen zone. Migration and Social Transformation [Employment opportunities] In the 1990s, majority of immigrants, especially in Western Europe traced their origin to the former “eastern block states” such as Greece, Italy, Portugal, UK and Spain (Berthoud & Iacovou, 2002). The language, the geography and culture of the people from these regions play greater roles in the reasons for their migration...
The migration into and within European Union has been highly attributed to globalisation. With unrestricted movement and cooperation within the 27 states that make the European Union, people have been migrating within and into the EU in search of global presence. Given that the world was warring in the late 1990s with most countries experiencing advance regimes of dictatorship, migration into the European Union was rampant. This was highly done by people who already had families in the European Union zones. With the freedom of movement in the EU zone, this became one of the reasons of movement of people into the European Union. The other reason that makes people to migrate is search of better lives as skilled, non-skilled workers. Some scholars have argued that the increased migration into the European Union since 1990s presents a case of growing global inequalities between developed and developing countries. These inequalities can range from economic, democratic, political, and social inequalities among others. Migration in the wake of globalisation can be noted using the recent estimates of the EU population. For example, by 2011 over 500 million people lived within the European Union. According to the Eurostat, out of this population only a fifth was the population of the combined 27 EU member states. As the world becomes a global village, people are aware of places where they can grow their career and establish comfortable living.
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
From this research it is clear that alteration of tax regimes among euro zone may not favour many of the members. However, member states are encouraged to get involved in trade between themselves. Making political governance more efficient to enhance economic growth will promote union’s attempts to control debt crisis.
The escalating international interconnectedness has generated novel opportunities, as well as threats for EU economy. For instance, the elimination of trade barriers, investment, as well as monetary flows has allowed EU to amplify its competition, although it has given rise to novel opportunities for EU businesses.
e Chapter 3 METHODOLOGY 3.1 Introduction 3.2 Research Methodology 3.3 Quantitative and Qualitative Method 3.4 Data Collection Method 3.5 Primary Data 3.6 Data Analysis 3.7 Reliability and Validity of the Research 3.8 Ethic in Research Chapter 4 DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS 4.1 Conceptual Framework Chapter 5 CONCLUSION.
Persons seeking international protection in the European Union (EU) have increased tremendously since the 1990s. As a result the member states need to find a common solution to this situation. This process of integrating the refugees in the European Union forms a part of the larger process of European integration which began with the Treaty of Maastricht (1992).
To underscore this, one need only look at the Arab countries and their failure to even achieve a shallow form of integration, not even a deep one, despite shared language, culture and several centuries of history. Furthermore, the European Union, from its earliest roots as a steel and mining trading unit between a limited numbers of countries, seems to be in a constant process of evolution and development.
The knock-on-effect-changing model will likewise be utilized in this realm. Likewise, literatures on the concept of labor and employment will be used, alongside those pertaining to migration, low pay, and shortage of employees. The labor market dynamics model will be discussed in synergy to these.
In addition, it had been obvious that economic objectives come first prior to welfare issues, although much effort has been undertaken by the European Commission to encompass competence.
Wilensky et al (1987) defined family policy as an umbrella of different policies and programmes that aim to provide for a variety of individuals from the young, old and even transition singles such as those divorced, separated or widowed, as well as women separated from financial sources but family policy has also been argued as a disguise for a series of population programmes, labour market and health policies (Kamerman and Kahn, 1978).
The Netherlands may seek relief for enforcement of the EC decision to lift its ban on poultry exports from the Netherlands to the UK under the provisions of European Community Law. By virtue of Section 2 of The European Community Act 1972, the United Kingdom indorsed European Law making it binding on the United Kingdom.
n in the region was the adoption of a common market, a major legislative programme that would eventually result to the elimination of non-tariff trade restrictions. The elimination of these barriers was targeted to create a lager integrated market for goods and services enabling
Globally, countries and continents are engaging in bilateral or multi-lateral trade partnerships for the benefit of its trading partners. The need for the formation of economic and trade unions is prompted by the fact that these countries have different forms of economic and resource endowments thereby creating relative and comparative trade advantages.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Essay on topic The reasons for the increase in migration within and into the European Union since the 1990s for FREE!