To what extent has the world of work changed over the past 100 years - Essay Example

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The world witnessed a great deal of changes and incredible inventions in the past century. Many countries have made much advancement in various areas of society. Work has far-reaching effect on the well being of families, societies and nation as a whole…
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To what extent has the world of work changed over the past 100 years
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Download file to see previous pages The world witnessed a great deal of changes and incredible inventions in the past century. Many countries have made much advancement in various areas of society. Work has far-reaching effect on the well being of families, societies and nation as a whole. It is at the heart of social, economic and political dynamics. The world of work has largely been affected by unprecedented economic and social transformations that have occurred in the last 100 years in many societies around the world. The perception and reception of these changes differ from one individual to another or groups of individuals to another. While some individuals in the contemporary society believe that the change in the world of work is accompanied by numerous opportunities for more satisfying work and better living, others believe that it closes off chances for better life and working environment (Grint, 2005). Since the last century, the world has encountered adverse economic changes that have moulded the world of work. The Great Recession is a perfect example of economic changes, whose impacts are still felt to date. For the last few decades, the world has been struggling to rebound from the depths of this economic change. World job markets are reshaping in a bit to provide sustainable employment to the people. As such, mode of employment has changed drastically. In the past, long term employment was the main tenet of most working environments. However, this trend has changed in the recent past. Notably, long-term employment is no longer common in the modern days as evident in the statement, “As the world job market struggles to rebound from the depths of the Great Recession, one thing that’s not getting as much attention as it used to is how long-term employment trends are changing–and that not everyone may find a job even when the pace of recovery hits its stride again someday” (Goudreau, 2012). Therefore, it has become hard for most people to secure employment even if the pace of economic recovery hits its stride in the recent past. The traditional economy that featured in the past century has been completely phased out. What is being currently witnessed is knowledge economy. In effect, physical and manufacturing works are slowly being abandoned and are disappearing. Technological advancement in the modern economy has resulted in the introduction of computers, which have disrupted stable occupations such as administrative jobs and postal service. This has happened in developed countries particularly in the United States of America, Canada and the United Kingdom. According to Grint (2005), this trend may be just the beginning as it is anticipated that more would happened in many countries across the globe. Since technology is rapidly improving, most jobs in the industries will be automated in the near future. Consequently, the jobs that would be available are those that can be done by a piece of software or robot. This means that people in the contemporary societies are likely to experience a great deal of challenges in securing employment (Grint, 2005). The world of work 100 years ago only accommodated men and women of certain social class. Women in most societies were denied to pursue their careers on the notion that they are supposed to perform household duties. The job market was not good for women. In fact, many institutions of higher learning were once domains of certain class of women and men. This is because women from lower classes of the society were not allowed to pursue their education and careers. However, as the world moves towards service economy, many ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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