For breastfeeding to be successfully initiated and established, during pregnancy and following birth, mothers need the active support of their families and communities and also of the entire health system…
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Primary research explains exactly what the researcher did in the study or experiment. According to Leavitt (2000), primary research is useful for questions that can be answered through asking others and direct observations. Primary research is conducted through interviews, surveys, observations, questionnaires, telephone interviews or focus groups. However, since the research is original, the results gathered will be more relevant to the needs of the client. Primary research is used in analyzing customers, competitors, distribution channels, and suppliers. It’s a useful tool in answering questions with a high degree of qualitative clarity. Basic types of primary research include qualitative and quantitative research. Secondary research involves synthesis or summary of existing research. Secondary research includes published research reports in a library, surveys or the internet. Sources of secondary data include previous research reports, newspaper, magazine and journal contents, government and NGO, and press articles. Secondary research is the most commonly used research. In qualitative research, variables are observed in their natural settings in which they are found. Data collection is either through direct observation or open-ended questions. The interviewer or observer is an integral part of the investigation. Qualitative research aims to get a better understanding through firsthand experience, truthful reporting, and quotations of actual conversations. It aims to understand how the participants derive meaning from the surroundings, and how their meaning influences their behavior. Findings in qualitative research are not conclusive and cannot be used to make generalizations about the population of interest. The purposes of qualitative research are; To gain an understanding of underlying reasons and motivations To provide insights into the setting of a problem, generating ideas and/or hypotheses for later quantitative research To uncover prevalent trends in thought and opinion According to Aliaga and Gunderson (2002), quantitative research is explaining phenomena by collecting numerical data that are analyzed using mathematically based methods. The behavior of the variables is observed under controlled conditions; isolate causal effects. The findings in quantitative research are used to recommend a final course of action. The purposes of quantitative research are; To quantify data and generalize results from a sample to the population of interest To measure the incidence of various views and opinions in a chosen sample Sometimes followed by qualitative research which is used to explore some findings further. Lay referral network is an informal network of family and friends who help an individual interpret and treat a disorder before the individual seeks formal medical treatment. People beliefs, theories and knowledge influence someone on their perceptions and presentation of health and disease. All people are social beings, and unless someone is isolated from other people, we tend to share our symptoms with another person. According to Russell (2009), the social networks through which a person passes through before seeking professional advice are referred to as lay referral networks. They consist of any advice or treatment given by relatives, friends, neighbors or colleagues. Particular people who are experienced in a specific illness, have experience raising children or retired health professionals, stand out prominently in giving advice. The outcome of lay referral will largely depend on the beliefs, attitudes, resources and access to formal health care of the individual with symptoms and the other network members. If the network has beliefs and circumstances that are
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She was admitted to the hospital when she started to show signs of acute withdrawal. She had completely stopped walking and talking to people though she was not diagnosed with any physiological problem. As her brother and sister were living far away from her place, they kept her in their parental house with a domestic help to take care of her.
But what does access to health care actually means? According Gulliford et al (2002), facilitating access to health is concerned with helping people to command appropriate health care resources in order to preserve or improve their health status but unfortunately gaining access to healthcare depends on some factors such as financial, organizational and social or cultural barriers that permits or limit the said utilization of services.
Should we make sure we get universal access first before making such changes to taboos and traditional restrictions concerning the medical professions, because it could have potentially unfair or even genocidal effects? Give reasons for holding your view.
Almost half of all immigrants, in fact, do not possess insurance, which is approximately thrice as high as those for native-born citizens. Since such a large number of immigrants do not have health care, they come up against serious barriers in pursuit of medical care and have to pay more from personal savings to receive care.
Health disparities result from inequalities within the distribution of the underpinning of health across populations. Although, there is no universally employed definition of access to health services, the paper utilizes the definition of timely utilization of service as per the need.
Access to health services for lesbian and gay people Public services such as health care provision have a duty to meet the needs of all of the population on an equal basis, and indeed in the UK there are mechanisms and policies in place which are designed to ensure that this takes place.
Health care system in America has realized great transformations that have not only made it more complex but also much different from what it used to be. The changes are diverse and reflect the significant shifts realized when changing from an indemnity plan, founded strongly on what the patients proposed, to a managed care scheme.
They have high mortality rates and low life expectancy. These communities also experience high rates of mental illnesses, chronic diseases, and maternal related health diseases. The report concludes that these problems are caused
and France is a structural feature. The United States spends a lot for healthcare, considered “the highest healthcare cost per capita,” but it is not delivering what is expected of it since other countries which spend less have lower infant mortality and longer life
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