Readings in sociology of deviance - Book Report/Review Example

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Readings in sociology of deviance Name Subject Tutor Date Introduction Emile Durkheim is one of the major writers who authored revolutionary books in the field of sociology. Suicide, authored by Emile Durkheim, is a unique publication and provides illustrations of the face of sociological monograph…
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Download file to see previous pages According to Durkheim (2002), the society of Catholics possesses normal integration levels while the society of the Protestants has quite lower integration levels (Durkheim, 2002). These interpretations may have at least two problems. In his book, Durkheim drew his data from earlier scholars, remarkably Henry Morselli and Adolph Wagner, who were keen to generalise from their own data. In addition, the later researchers after Emile Durkheim found out that the differences between the Catholics and the Protestants in suicide appear to be restricted to German-speaking Europe, and hence could be the specious reflection of other elemental factors. In spite of such limitations and restrictions in his work, the book has influenced numerous advocates of control theory, and is normally stated as a study of classic sociology. Emile Durkheim concludes numerous findings concerning suicide rates in his book. The following are some of the major conclusions made in the book: the rates of suicide are higher in men than women; however, married women who stay childless for many years show high rates of suicide; the rates of suicide are higher among people with no children compared to those with children; the rates of suicide are higher among single people than the married; the rates of suicide are higher within the Protestant society than the Catholic society; suicides are reportedly higher in periods of peace than during war; the rates of suicide are higher among military soldiers compared to the civilians; the rates of suicide are higher among those with high level of education. Emile Durkheim, however, established more correlation between suicide rate and the religion of individuals than the education level of an individual; there was a low suicide rate among the Jewish, although they had high levels of education generally, and the rates of suicide are higher in Scandinavian countries (Durkheim, 2002, p. 28). According to Durkheim (2002), suicide is a term that is applied to all cases of death originating indirectly or directly from a pessimistic or positive act of the victim herself or himself, of which the person in question is aware of its contingency. As discussed in the paper, Emile Durkheim has discussed different kinds of suicides. The rates of suicides documented by Emile Durkheim were based on aggregate statistics. This is specifically noticed in the suicide rates among the two societies discussed in the book: the Catholics and the Protestant. The idea could be critiqued in the way it explains the micro occurrences concerning macro properties. However, different opinions and views show that Emile Durkheim employed minimal ecological fallacy. Emile Durkheim defined suicide in his book as a term applied to all cases of death that results indirectly or directly from a negative or positive act of the victim him/herself, and he or she is aware that this act will result in death. In addition, Emile Durkheim also defined numerous types of suicides in his book. He generally distinguished four types of suicide as follows: Egoistic suicide This type of suicide depicts an extended sense of not being integrated, of not belonging in a society. It also reflects an experience of not being in a position of a secure environment, an absence that could result into apathy, meaninglessness, depression, and melancholy (Durkheim, 2002). This is a result of bond weakening that often integrates people into collectivity. This shows a decrease of social integration ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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