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Human Resources: 'Social Engineering in the 20th Century' - Essay Example

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Name Instructor Course Date Sociological theories in the documentary Social Engineering in the 20th Century Introduction Social imagination mainly refers to the ability to see the societal patterns that tend to influence individuals and group lives within a given society…
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Human Resources: Social Engineering in the 20th Century
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Download file to see previous pages The idea of sociological imagination was first introduced by Wright Mills in 1959. His main behind the introduction of the concept was to help the society understand the relationship that exists between the individuals and the society in which they live. According to the sociological imagination by Mills, when trying to achieve a particular look, the look has likely been established by the social forces in the society that tells one to achieve a particular ideal. The ideals tend to be produced by certain societal industries that profit enormously from the products and services that the society buys. Conflict theory mainly emphasizes on the role of power and coercion in sustaining social order as advanced by Karl Marx. The theory was advanced amidst a society that was going through division of societies into groups that were competing against each other for both social and economic resources. According to the theory, social order is sustained by power and domination rather than consensus. This power lies in the hands of the individuals within the society with the greatest economic, social and political resources. Furthermore, the theory regards inequality within the society as unfair and only exists due to the fact that those possessing abnormally large shares of resources within the society tend to defend their advantages. ...
Individuals and groups benefiting from a certain structure will join hands and strive to see the structure maintained to the latter. For instance, the wealthy within the society, may fight with a view to maintain their continued access to better resources even if it means opposing all the measures likely to broaden access of the same resources to the wider society. The theory has particular interest on race, class and gender within the society as these are regarded as the foundation for some of the most pertinent and enduring issues within the society. These factors influence nearly every aspect of social life. Proponents of conflict theory view families as symbols of power systems in the society (Mooney, Knox and Schacht pg. 11-14). This implies that gender roles among other issues are influenced power relationships between men and women, which commonly results men developing a tendency to have more power than women in a family unit. However, a shift in tis power is likely to arise with political and economic changes, with women also likely to become powerful when they gain some form of financial independence. On the contrary, most opponents of the conflict theory resent the theory for its inability to clearly address the issue of change within the society as much it explains the dynamics of change. These theories as employed in sociology are quite evident in the documentary Social Engineering in the 20th Century. On the other hand, some of the incidences depicting scientists controlling various animals and subjects under certain condition to achieve a particular objective can be viewed as an example of conflict theory where the powerful are constantly manipulating the weak to derive the best ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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