Nobody downloaded yet

Views of Weber and Durkheim on Sociological Investigation - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
If sociology has firmly established itself as an academic and scientific discipline today, the credit is largely due to Weber and Durkheim. This paper "Views of Weber and Durkheim on Sociological Investigation" compares the methods of these two towering figures…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
Views of Weber and Durkheim on Sociological Investigation
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Views of Weber and Durkheim on Sociological Investigation"

Download file to see previous pages Till the mid-nineteenth century the study of societal structures was not recognized as a science. There was barely any effort to recognize the place of individual in the society and the former’s influence on the latter and vice-versa. There was little enthusiasm to raise questions and pursue answers relating to the society which is the unit of civilization. It was Weber and Durkheim who helped social science take a big leap forward by building elaborate arguments on the characteristics of societies, the factors and forces that hold them together, whether there are certain patterns that can be observed in societal evolution, the possible impact of such patterns, if any, on polity and economy, whether it is possible to codify them and what use this understanding could be of to the human communities. The biggest success of Weber and Durkheim was to draw the attention of the world to these issues.
Weber and Durkheim, considered the founding fathers of sociology, have a great deal in common in terms of their use of empirical procedures to reinforce their propositions, in spite of the fact that their views had fundamental differences. Both of them relied on classification and creation of ideal types as the ground for comparative analysis and interpretation. Both endorsed the profound impact of the Reformation, Renaissance, Industrial Revolution, the rise of capitalism and the ensuing division of labor on contemporary society but the conclusions they arrived at were not necessarily the same. For instance, Weber attributes the emergence of the modern Western Civilization to rational calculations (Shils, 2011: 34) and the will of a new generation of people but Durkheim vehemently denies that individuals can ever alter the course of history. Instead, he proposes materialistic advances as the principal factor which shaped the existing social order. The comparison offers a challenge because in defining the DOs and DON’Ts of sociological analysis and with respect to the degree of subtlety of expression, Weber is not as easy or straightforward to follow as Durkheim is. Their writings were, no doubt, instructive; yet, their strategies for comparative analysis did have their shortcomings and though they were aware of it, neither could devise a concrete strategy to overcome the problem even in the methodological statements they produced, in 1904 and 1895 respectively, on the programs for sociology. Moreover, the subjective nature of social science brings with it an element of ambiguity due to which the same question can have several seemingly contradicting, yet valid, answers. The task can be simplified by choosing ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Views of Weber and Durkheim on Sociological Investigation Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/sociology/1473929-views-of-weber-and-durkheim-on-sociological-investigation
(Views of Weber and Durkheim on Sociological Investigation Essay)
https://studentshare.org/sociology/1473929-views-of-weber-and-durkheim-on-sociological-investigation.
“Views of Weber and Durkheim on Sociological Investigation Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/sociology/1473929-views-of-weber-and-durkheim-on-sociological-investigation.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Views of Weber and Durkheim on Sociological Investigation

A Look into the Sociological Works of Marx, Durkheim & Weber

...would someday revolt in campaign against capitalism and for communism. However, Durkheim and Weber did have a different view of things. They insisted that that transformation of the society to modern cities did not mean societal loss of community, instead, they saw as an effect of division of labor. Under this arrangement, every element in the society had a role to play that defined their place and their societal status. References Appelrouth, S., & Eddie, L. (2008). Classical Contemporary Sociological Theory. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press. Jon, M. R., & Warms, R. (2008). Anthropological Theory: An Introductory History. New York, USA: McGraw...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Durkheim

...community could be formed with a purpose and over a certain moral outlook. I believe Randall Collins helped me to view my experience as stemming from certain concepts in Emile Durkheim and in Erving Goffman's theories of interaction ritual. Discussion Randall Collins outlined several important points of Durkheim in going over the recent history of sociology, its theory, and while also developing the theories of Erving Goffman interaction ritual. I stood as an 'outsider' that one day before walking up the stairs to the meeting room of the organization which I should call here the Volunteer Tutor Society (VTS). The organization had a good track record. It had placed groups...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Sociological Theory. Study Of Society And Social Facts

...theories. Emile Durkheim was also a French sociologist who was one of the pioneers in shaping sociology today along with Karl Marx and Weber. One of his main beliefs is that society cannot be reduced into the elements that make it up and therefore is different and unique as a whole. This is also called ‘sui generis’ reality. He believes that the whole was greater than the sum of its part and it was formed by individuals and their interactions but was completely new form what happened individually in society. He further went on to state that societies could also be observed scientifically. He called his methodology ‘social facts’ or elements of life as whole that were individual but were...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Sociological Views on Poverty

...Sociological Views on Poverty Poverty is considered as a worldwide problem that requires a worldwideresponse. For time and again, the problem that roots in poverty does not only remains but it most situation aggravate. There are several views regarding how it must be resolved. While some blame the whole problem on the individual person, others believed that it is a problem that must be faced not by the individual neither by the society but it is viewed as something that needs to be discussed and resolved with a global effort. Thus, the main topic of this paper would central on the views regarding poverty and why does a global effort could be the best...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber

...Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Max Weber Introduction: Emile Durkheim, Karl Marx and Marx Weber were sociologist who contributed to sociological theory, their theories are today relevant in the society, however critics on their theories have led to some insignificance in their theories, and this paper discusses some of the theories by the scholars and shows their relevance to today society. We focus on the bureaucratization theory, social fact theory, religion, division of labor and specialization and the capitalist theory by Marx. All these theories explain the society we live in today but they also form a basis of determining whether the scholars work is relevant in today’s society. Max Weber: In this section we discuss major... on...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Marx, Weber and Durkheim

...Sociology and social philosophy have undergone fundamental changes through the works of several social philosophers, and pertinent theoretical contributions to the understanding of sociology were made by the social philosophers Marx, Weber, and Durkheim. While their theoretical perspectives on sociological questions differed greatly on fundamental questions, one may find several similar ideas and views in their social philosophies. More importantly, some of their conflicting ideas can be found similar in their original concept. Thus, Weber had several similar concepts to Marx, though they differed in many essential...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Sociology by Karl Marx, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber

... Karl Marx tried a scientific point of view to religion. This view was considered as an objective one. He said very little with regards to religion in his works, though. His works on religion are just but critiques on the forms of religion. According to him, religion is just but a form of expression with focus on economic injustice and material realities. Therefore, predicaments portrayed in religion are just but a reflection of those in the society in context. Religion is, thus, a mirror of what one expects in a society. (Cline, 2011) Durkheim’s works on religion are with the inclusion of his work in year 1912 by the title The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. (uwaterloo.ca, 2011) His works were about seeking the origin... of the...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Durkheim

...Durkheim One of the concepts explained in this reading is the concept of wealth and material acquisitions and Christian ethics. Throughout this reading, the author undertakes the process of explaining this concept and tries to support it using various literatures. Various literature used in this reading to support this concept shows that in different Christian believes it is viewed differently. The discussion of this concept in terms of the asceticism differs greatly from the discussion of the same concept in terms of Puritanism and Calvinism. This reading tries to make this concept clear by comparing it in both the three Protestantism aspects. This is actually achieved since it makes this concept better...
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper

Intro To Sociology

...the society. Weber asserted that Marx was to narrow in his views and that he glorified economic issues as the fundamental forces causing change in society. Max, on the other hand, attempted to explore the macro-sociological forces to explain conflict in the society (Brinkerhoff et al. 32). Karl Marx focused on two groups: the capitalist class (dominant group) that owns and direct means of production, besides overseeing the distribution of means of production; and, the working class who avail labor. Max Weber also asserted that the society is rife with “conflict and struggle” over limited resources. Nevertheless, Max’s approach is distinct in the sense that there are...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Emile Durkheim and Max Weber

...Emile Durkheim and Max Weber Émile Durkheim along with Max Weber was French sociologists who had major assumptions on ontology, epistemology and nature of humans in general. They rose to prominence during the 19th century due to their ideologies and views about human nature and society on the whole. These philosophers were known for their sociological views same as Karl Marx. These pioneers with their theory of sociology attempted to connect the society with the social and conscious working of people. They explains the nature of society and the connection it has in building the well being of people and their consciousness in general. They understood that society is a creation of social beings and its reality is as complex... as their...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Views of Weber and Durkheim on Sociological Investigation for FREE!

Contact Us