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Name Instructor Course Date Diversity in American Society Gracai refers to race as the particular to the external appearance of an individual’s body (3). Determinant features of one’s race include skin color that can be black, white or brown, nature of one’s hair, color of one’s eye, structure of one’s jaws, bones, and sometimes language and cultural practice of a given individual…
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Midterm
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Download file to see previous pages When many people with similar ethnic attributes come together, they form an ethnic group. Ethnicity is broader than race since individual depicting different racial characteristics can share ethnic attributes with other people. Nationality on the other hand is much broader than both race and ethnicity. Nationality refers to individual’s recognition and sense of belonging in a certain country and nation. It is the birthplace of individual where that particular individual recognizes as home. Nationality also includes a place where particular individual holds legal citizenship (Gracia 4). Nationality is all-inclusive and according to international laws of citizenship and nationality, it is difficult to ascertain individual’s nationality by considering ethnicity or race of the particular person. Problems usually occur during conversations involving the use of terms such as nationality, race and ethnicity. The main problem occurs due misunderstanding and false perception about connectivity of race and nationality of an individual. Many people tend to determine and assume that nationality is related to individual’s race and hard to differentiate. ...
Prejudice refers to having or displayed preconceived beliefs and perception about a certain person on the grounds of race, ethnicity, nationality or cultural practices of the particular individual. Discrimination on the other hand refers to outright and unfair treatment of a person on the grounds of bearing or belonging to “unwanted” ethnicity, race, and gender, culture or education qualification. Interest theory of discrimination posits that the main motivation factor behind one discriminating others is the overwhelming desire to protect and safeguard one’s own interests, comparative advantage, privilege and power. Under interest theory of discrimination, many groups tend to fight for very scarce resource such as job, prestige and money (Chambers 13). Interest theory of discrimination can occur without any form of prejudice against the target. This is because, the powerful individual will only express concern and focus in obtaining what he/she wants. The interest theory of discrimination properly fits in explaining political wars. In most of the politically instigated battles and discrimination, contesting individuals may pronounce discriminatory statements against one another but without preconceived negative beliefs against each other. Institutionalized theory of discrimination states that institutional discriminations targets particular, easily stereotyped and general attributes of an individual like race or gender. According to Chambers, this form of discrimination is usually prevalent in governmental and social institutions (14). Institutionalized discrimination can occur without any form of prejudice against a particular target individual. For instance, it is easy to discriminate against and deny a person promotion on the bias of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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