The political, social, and economic philosophy of Karl Marx began with expressing his abhorrence and disgust for the capitalistic system and US ideals because Marx believes that it a system based on the exploitation of the working class. …
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Socialism, according to its definition, refers to a state where the ownership of the means of production is collectively held. In a socialistic state, the government or central authority would assume the responsibility of taking care of the needs of its citizens. Furthermore, the value of the goods produced by the labor would not be judged through the amount of revenue or profit that the product or service is able to fetch but its value would be determined by the amount of time and energy consumed in preparing the product (Przebowski, 2009, 72). There are no doubts about the fact that Marx is amongst one of the most influential thinkers in the human history. His ideas inspired several thinkers and policymakers in the world and even the governments of Russia, China, Vietnam, Venezuela, Cuba and several other countries of the world. However, Marx’s ideas and thoughts about capitalism are fundamentally flawed and nothing less than an idealistic novel. Marx believes that capitalism is inherently contradictory and it would be replaced by socialism, which would subsequently be replaced by communism (Sherman, 1991, p. 209). According to Marx, the state of full or pure communism would represent a society without any class, social structure, state, or struggle. Communism aims to employ its resources at creating a desirable and equitable state, where people would not be able to distinguish each other in social classes and would not find any incentive in exploiting others for their good. Marx believes that such a society would become the most powerful manifestation of human freedom and it would empower the working class and put an end to the alienation of labor...
Marx somehow is able to present his entire philosophy without addressing the most basic dynamics of human motivation. Humans are motivated by independence, ownership, and reward for their effort. People of this planet work every day because they believe that they would reward accordingly. However, if a state or a central authority divides incomes based on need rather than effort then the same would take away all the incentive to work. Therefore, in a purely socialistic or communistic system, when the government begins to divide the national output “From each according to his abilities, to each according to his needs”, the total output would decrease as those working according to their abilities would not find the same incentive in producing the same level of output. Therefore, the level of output would continue to shrink to the point where the central authority would have to intervene and force the people to produce. This is one of the biggest inherent contradictions of the communist ideology because the system, which claims to liberalize the working class and the labor, would soon have to enslave them to feed the society.
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It has come to be viewed widely by the democratic western world as a system based on individuality and freedom of rights. Or more specifically, that everyone has a right to own private property regardless of his or her background or social situation. The division of labor created by capitalism is claimed by the capitalists to be beneficial to all of society; the freedom of competition allows for products on the market to be sold to the consumer at the lowest price and at the best quality.
This happens in conversations between scientists about what counts as a pressing problem, how such a problem ought to be conceptualized, and so forth. Such propositions are irreducible to empirical predictions.
They fit the family into this hierarchical framework. Toqueville’s depiction of families in America in 1831 draws on the emerging democracies in both France and America. These diverging perspectives lead to some very different analyses on the family and is role expectations.
Karl Marx’s Estranged Labor vs. Adam Smith’s Division of Labor. Without a doubt, the very novel philosophical ideas set forth about estranged labor in Karl Marx’s Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 and Adam Smith’s ideas about the division of labor in part one of his Wealth of Nations are some of the most revered in the world.
Revolution means “a fundamental change in political organization; especially: the overthrow or renunciation of one government or ruler and the substitution of another by the governed.” (Merriam-Webster). Moreover, is it adequate to seek to determine the nature of this nomination solely through its invariant features like masses on the streets, governments diminishing, and new leaders rising to power?
This paper outlines the historical significance of Karl Marx, as economic and social thinker. As it is shown in the paper, until lately, nearly half of the world’s population lived under authorities that claim to be Marxist. It shows that Marx’s works had been modified and his meaning changed to fit a variety of political circumstance.
What is Karl Popper's View of psychoanalysis?
Sir Karl Raimund Popper is considered the greatest philosopher of science of the twentieth century. He was an Austro-British professor at the London school of Economics, was famous for his efforts in rejecting the classic observationalist form of scientific method, against empirical falsification.
Although Karl Marx and Max Weber agree class conflict exists in society, they both have different views and approaches on how class and class conflict develop and its effects on shaping and evolving the society as a whole. Marx described class is a particular position with the relation of production with assigned specific role to people in the society.
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