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Introduction to Social Theories - Essay Example

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Name: Professor: Subject: Date: Changing Family Life and Social Theories A family is a social unit made up of one or more adults and their off-springs who they care for. It is a group of persons united by consanguinity, likeness, or co residence…
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Introduction to Social Theories
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Introduction to Social Theories

Download file to see previous pages... Overtime people have gradually moved away from traditional family patterns for instance, family members assuming new roles in the family and the emergence of a variety of new family structures. These transformations reveal economic, social, and scientific developments and changing attitudes. For example, family gender roles, family relations and stability, divorce, modern birth control methods, choice of spouse, preferential treatments among family members among others (Margeret and Howard, 2006; 413). This study seeks to explain how and why most of these changes in the family life aspects have occurred. For instance according Gore, the family structure is changing, because of whatever factors; these changes appear in new status-definitions, new interpersonal relationships and personality orientations. “The impact of industrialisation is making the nuclear family culturally more acceptable, we may expect to find urban members expressing attitudes more compatible with that change than rural members express”(Gore, 1968; 3). The emerging trends of leaner family according to the Marxist theory attributes to the economic progress. The development of individual ownership of property which called for the development of the nuclear family; would facilitate and ensure that men's property would be passed on to their own biological male descendants. The exploitation of women in the nuclear family was likely to occur in a number of respects (Hughes, John A., et al., 1995; 74-76). It argues that, women in the family were there to serve their men and reproduce the men’s future generations, and would not be included in the inheritance of the material ownership in the family. “Why else are women in the family today still struggling to have control their reproductive lives” (Baer, 2002; 36). The Marxist institution has from its early development, with the belief and literature of Karl Marx and Frederick Engels, stood for the emancipation and independence of women. According to Marx and Engels the ruling class dominates and oppresses women, consigning them to second-class membership in within the family and society: "The bourgeois sees in his wife a mere instrument of production. He has not even a suspicion that the real point aimed at is to do away with the status of women as mere instruments of production”. This has led to the rise in single parent families amongst the economically independent women (Tischler&Mendelsohn, 1999; 286). Marxism considers capitalism not only an economic system but is also a social and political system. The Marxist theory also believes that capitalism can only blossom on the exploitation of the working class; in most cases those who control the resources in a family life context are the ones who enjoy more of the benefits from the family (Jones, P., 2011; 33-34). Changes in family life have made men and women roles more alike than ever. Couples keep trying to find the right balance between work and home. These roles have, however, brought even more friction, and conflicts between the family members, this in most case occur where a woman is economically independent making the man in the family dependent on her, for example, in a situation where the society expects a man to play a role that was “traditionally” a woman’s (Bomar, 2004; 122). Marxist proponents’ points out that the economic conflict generates class and inherently class bring about conflicts; these gender conflicts in a family setting come out in the roles played by each member in a family. After ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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