Racial & Ethnic Differences - Essay Example

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Final Paper Racial and Ethnic Differences: African Americans Krystal Yedinak SOC308: Racial & Ethnic Groups Instructor: Jeremy Bennett March 1, 2013 Table of Contents Pg. No. 1. Introduction 3 2. Ethnicity and Race 3 3. African – American Ethnic group, stratification, and conflict 4 3.1 Stratification Outcomes 6 3.1.1 Discrimination 6 3.1.2 Prejudice 7 3.1.3 Violence and Crime 8 3.1.4 Ethnic conflict 9 3.1.5 Intra-racial conflict 11 3.2 Ineffectiveness of Measures taken by Government 11 4…
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Racial & Ethnic Differences
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Download file to see previous pages Introduction In the United States (U.S.) and across the world, the growing racial and ethnic diversity reality has heightened the interest in race and ethnicity issues because of its impact on all aspects of life. It plays a very important role in all human beings’ life because they are identified and defined by their race and ethnicity and many a times used as a basis for discrimination or appeasement. And as the ethnic groups such as Hispanic, Asians and African Americans proportion grows in the United Sates so does inequality among them and that is the harsh reality Americans have to face (Kearl, 2010). The primary aim of this paper is to analyze racial and ethnic differences in U.S. and how race and ethnicity are perceived in U.S. context. The African-American ethnic group is selected to analyze a society demonstrating ethnic stratification and conflict, including evidence of prejudice and discrimination. In addition to that a critical analysis of similarities and differences of ethnic and racial issues in international context is examined in comparison with U.S.  2. Ethnicity and Race It is paramount to understand the criteria used for making and defining the distinctive groups. Usually biological or cultural factors are used for categorizing human populations in U.S and other parts of the World. People are categorized into Ethnic groups based on certain cultural and more often than not on physical characteristics that differentiate them from others significantly (O’Neil, 1997). An Ethnic group consciously share culture, language, religion, customs, norms, history and practices; that are common to all (Crossman, 2013). Ethnic groups not only exist just because of some common culture or national origin but they share a cultural bond and identity is based on unique social and historical experiences (Crossman, 2013). On the other hand Race is defined based on biological factors in other words variety of species, a population set with distinctive anatomical traits such that from other races can be clearly differentiated. However it has been established that human races are not based on biological realities rather cultural and social constructions because human beings are mostly homogenous, that is 99.9% identical. Yet physical attributes like color of skin, facial features, texture of hair, body shape are used frequently to cluster people in distinct groups or rather races. Categorization based on such traits are often deceptive as these natural attributes are adaptations to their physical environment and biological variations change constantly and are complex and can be found in other populations as well. Despite of these, physical superficial characteristics are used around the world to distinguish races as it is easy to make out from distance even though they are inaccurate. Distinctive races exist and are real in today’s world even though it is established that it is a social phenomena rather than a biological one and to understand it rather ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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