Abnormality Models - Essay Example

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Life has several interesting behaviors that are evaluated using the abnormality models in sociology.This means that it is upon the personalities and people around to support the varying methodologies of cure to avoid the spread of the illnesses. …
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Download file to see previous pages For example, among the notable models in the abnormality domain include biological model, psychodynamic model, behavioral model and cognitive model. In that context, these models are supposed to instill cure to its patients with the assistance of medical systems that are applied after proper diagnosis (Comer 2010, p.145). However, there are always certain disparities that arise whenever a model does not apply to a given illness especially in the symptomatic situations. This requires proper and efficient diagnosis from specialists such as psychiatrists and psychologists to affect the most appropriate solution without any side effects. Additionally, there is also an urgent need to weigh the repercussions of such medical cures to mitigate on unnecessary injuries. Biological model According to sociologists, there are four main abnormality models and they include biological model, psychodynamic model, behavioral model and cognitive model. These abnormalities have the purpose of expound on the causes and cures for other related psychological illnesses and they assume a different outlook. For instance, biological model in the field of abnormality is the only model that lacks a basis on the psychological principles. However, most of its assumptions rely on the brain, related biochemicals and neuronatomy that encompass certain physical entities that function together. These functions have the objective of mediating the psychological processes thereby treating mental abnormality that must have either a physical or biological angle (Laubichler & Muller2007, p. 167). In other words, a section of this theory comes from research conducted into the main components of Serotonin and neurotransmitter that majorly indicates illnesses of psychological nature. For instance, the illnesses include anorexia nervosa, bipolar disorder and schizophrenia that arise because of diminished levels of Serotonin in the brain. Additionally, the model also implies that the approach of treating psychological illnesses should be similar to that of physical illnesses that are mainly caused by physical stress, microbes, and chemical imbalance among others. Other related cures include the use of drugs or direct surgery. There is also the therapy of electroconvulsive that witnessed major success in the treatment of short-term symptoms of depressive symptoms that are associated with schizophrenia and bipolar disorder and other related illnesses. However, there has not been proper explanation for this queer behavior of electroconvulsive therapy in the proper treatment of mental illnesses. Psychological illnesses are also suspected to be caused by genetic factors that arise from family history. In that aspect, the foremost cure any psychological illness falling under the biological model with include drugs, surgery and electroconvulsive therapy (Laubichler & Muller2007, p. 171). These forms of cures have cited to bring a restoration of normality in the alleviation of psychological illnesses. However, there are negative ramifications that bound to occur if the drugs cause addiction or allergic reactions. On that perspective, electrotherapy is deemed to cause unnecessary stress with surgeries that deform the personality of a person. This is prevalent in the hypothalamus part of the brain that deals solely with emotions. Psychodynamic model In the hierarchy of the abnormality models, psychodynamic model is the fourth among the models and it leans on the work of renowned psychologist, Sigmund Freud. It relies on the principality that psychological illnesses arise from emotions and thoughts that have been repressed. This always stems from bad experiences of childhood that alters the behavior of an individual because of the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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