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Factor-Analytic Trait Models of Personality - Essay Example

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In the paper “Factor-Analytic Trait Models of Personality” the author analyzes The Pen, Big Five and 16PF models of personality. These models tend to describe the concrete conscious aspects of personality in simple terms such as “ambitiousness” or “friendship”…
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Factor-Analytic Trait Models of Personality
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Download file to see previous pages Trait theorists view personality as “an organizing force within the individual” determining “characteristic patterns of behavior, thinking and feeling. These patterns take a form of traits, their combination creating a unique set, which is called a personality. People are motivated by their desire to reduce drive or to find drive increase. Trait theorists tend to believe that unconscious mechanisms should be analyzed only in unhealthy personalities (Ewen 2003, p.257). The PEN, Big Five and 16PF are the best known factor-analytic trait theories. These models of personality are also called structural, while they assume that “there is a hierarchy of traits with each level accounting for a certain level generality/specificity in personality”, and try to “reconcile the nomothetic and idiographic descriptions of personality” (Lecture 4 2006). Structural models distinguish five levels of personality: 1) type (introvert or extravert); 2) dimensional (degree of introversion-extraversion), 3) traits (degree of sociability and impulsivity); 4) habits (liking for social events); and 5) specific responses (liking for birthday parties) (Lecture 4 2006).The objectives of the three models are similar. All of them are aimed at determining “which of the thousands of traits are most important by using the statistical technique of factor analysis” and making psychology more scientific and mathematical. All the three are based on vast empirical research (Ewen 2003, p.282). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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